Tools in Construction + Building Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tools in Construction + Building Deck (49):
1

Used for prying open boards, demolition work and general removal of construction assemblies.

Prybar
"Kabra"

2

Used for general measurement work.

Steel Tape Measure
"Metro"

3

Used for relatively long measurements such as lot lines or large room dimensions.

Long Tape

4

Used for establishing right angles during construction measurement and/or layout.

Set Frame/Framing Square
"Iskwala"

5

For establishing horizontal and vertical levels. Uses a bubble contained inside a cylinder of colored fluid.

Spirit Level/Level Bar
"Lebel/Nibel"

6

Used to establish vertical line known as a plumb line.

Plumb Bob
"Hulog"

7

Used to draw long straight lines without having to use a pencil or pen.

Chalk Line
"Pitik"

8

For general wood working/ nail driving

Claw Hammer
"Martilyo"

9

Usually used for metal work/sheet metal work

Ball Pin Hammer

10

A screw driver that turns by pushing it which turns its shaft.

Spiral Ratchet Screw Driver

11

Used to cut wood.

Hand Saw
"Lagari"

12

A type of hand saw blade that is used for cutting along the wood grain.

Ripsaw Blade

13

A type of hand saw blade that is used for cutting perpendicular to the wood grain.

Crosscut Blade

14

A saw that has a rigid blade and is more effective in cutting long straight lines.

Back Saw

15

A saw that is used to cut metals and has a replaceable blade with fine teeth.

Hack Saw
"Lagaring Bakal"

16

A tool used to gouge wood/

Wood Chisel

17

A tool used for metal work or sheet metal forming.

Cold Chisel

18

Used to "push in" the nail head into the lumber surface.

Nail Set
"Punsol"

19

Used for flattening/ or leveling small plaster areas.

Wood Float
"Rodelang Kahoy"

20

Used for smoothening plaster

Steel Float
"Rodelang Bakal"

21

General Masonry/ Plastering Tool

Steel Trowel/ Brick Trowel
"Kutsara"

22

Used to flatten/ smoothen large concrete surfaces such as floors or roads.

Bull Float

23

Special steel trowel used in the application of the mortar or tile adhesive.

Tile Trowel

24

Used to fasten metal sheets or light metal sections together.

Blind Riveter

25

Used for plumbing joints.

Pipe Wrench
Stillson Wrench

26

A relatively permanent enclosed structure constructed over plot of land for habitable use.

Building

27

What are the 3 major parts of a building?

- Superstructure
- Sub-structure
- Foundation

28

A part of the building above ground.

Superstructure

29

A habitable part of the building below ground.

Sub-structure

30

The structural part of the building that transfers the weight of the building onto the ground below.

Foundation

31

A building that has 1-4 storeys and usually doesn't have an elevator.

Low Rise

32

A building that has 5-10 storeys and has elevators.

Mid Rise

33

A building that has more than 10 storeys and uses multiple elevators.

High Rise

34

What are the general components of a building? Enumerate from top to bottom.

- Building Systems
- Interiors
- Shelter Systems
- Envelope and Dividers
- Structural

35

IN BUILDING'S GENERAL COMPONENTS
What are the parts of a building's structural component?

- Building Site
- Foundation
- Floor System

36

IN BUILDING'S GENERAL COMPONENTS
What are the parts of a building's envelope and dividers?

- Wall Systems
- Doors and Windows

37

IN BUILDING'S GENERAL COMPONENTS
What are the parts of a building's shelter systems

- Moisture and Thermal Protection
- Roof Systems

38

IN BUILDING'S GENERAL COMPONENTS
What are the parts of a building's interiors?

- Finish Work
- Special Construction

39

IN BUILDING'S GENERAL COMPONENTS
What are the parts of its Building Systems?

- Electrical Systems
- Plumbing Systems
- Mechanical Systems

40

What are the 8 main building systems?

- Lighting
- Power
- Telecoms
- Cooling, Heating, Ventilation
- Water Supply
- Waste Disposal
- Gas System
- Conveying Systems

41

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of elevators and escalators.

Conveying Systems

42

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of LPG and oxygen.

Gas System

43

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of drains, pipes and sewers.

Waste Disposal

44

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of pipes, pumps and fixtures.

Water Supply

45

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consist of air-con, heaters and exhaust.

Cooling, Heating, Ventilation

46

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of telephone, internet, cable TV

Telecom

47

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of outlets and power sources

Power

48

IN MAIN BUILDING SYSTEMS
Consists of general, accent and mood illumination.

Lighting

49

A format developed for coordinating specifications, filing of technical data, product literature, and construction cost accounting.

Master Format