Flashcards in Topic 6- Equilibria Deck (7)
Why is the forward reaction fastest at the start?
When does the forward reaction slow down?
What then happens to the backward reaction?
What happens at equilibrium?
What is a reversible chemical reaction known as?
How can the position at equilibrium be varied by?
What does dynamic mean?
What are and state the two conditions at equilibrium?
As there's no backward reaction
As reactants are used up
The backward reaction starts to increase
The backward and forward reaction rates are equal and opposite
A dynamic process
Changing certain conditions
That both reactions are proceeding at the same time
-The rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the backward reaction
-Concentrations of all reactants and products remain constant.
When can dynamic equilibrium only happen?
What happens if you change the concentration, pressure or temperature of a reversible reaction?
What happens if the position of equilibrium moves to the left?
What happens if the position of equilibrium moves to the right?
In a closed system- ie nothing can get in or out
You're going to alter the position of equilibrium
You'll get more reactants
You'll get more products.
What is the definition of Le Chatelier's Principle?
What does this basically mean?
When a change is applied to a closed system in dynamic equilibrium, the system moves in such a way as to oppose the effect of the change
If a reaction at equilibrium is subjected to a change in concentration, pressure or temperature, the position of equilibrium will move to counteract the change.
What does changing pressure only affect?
When does no change occur to the equilibrium if there's a change in pressure?
What does an increase in pressure do to the equilibrium?
What does a decrease in pressure do to the equilibrium?
What does the direction of movement in equilibrium if there's a change in temperature depend on?
Describe the what happens to the equilibrium if there's an increase and decrease in temperature in an:
Equilibria involving gases
No change occurs when equal number of gaseous molecules appear on both sides
Moves to the side with fewer gaseous molecules
Moves to the side with more gaseous molecules
The sign of the enthalpy change
Increase in temperature= to the left ; decrease in temperature= to the right
Increase in temperature= to the right ; decrease in temperature= to the left.
What does adding a catalyst not affect in a reaction?
What does adding a catalyst not increase but what do they do?
Adding a catalyst doesn't affect the position of equilibrium
Adding a catalyst can't increase yield- but they do mean equilibrium is reached faster.
What does increasing the temperature mean?
What does the equilibrium shift to and why?
What does decreasing the temperature mean?
What does the equilibrium shift to?
Why is this?
What does it mean if the forward reaction's endothermic?
The equilibrium shifts in the endothermic (positive delta H) direction to absorb this heat
The equilibrium shifts in the exothermic (negative delta H) direction
To produce more heat, in order to counteract the drop in temperature
The reverse reaction will be exothermic, and vice versa.