Topic 6 - Organic Chemistry I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 6 - Organic Chemistry I Deck (7)
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1

6A - What is a hydrocarbon?

  A compound made of hydrogen and carbon only

2

6A - What is empirical formula

(Give the empirical formula of hexene as an example)

The simplest whole number ratio of atoms in a molecule

C6H12 → CH2

3

6A - What is molecular formula

(Give the molecular forumla of hexane as an example)

The actual number of different atoms within a molecule

C6H14

4

6A - What is a functional group?

The group of atoms which are responsible for an organic compound's chemical properties

5

6A - What is general formula?

(Give the general formula of alkanes as an example)

The number of each type of atom within the nth molecule in a homolgous series

CnH2n+2

6

6A - What is structural formula?

(Give the structural formula of ethanol as an example)

A simplified way of showing which atoms are attached to others in a compound

C2H5OH → CH3CH2OH

7

6A - What is displayed formula?