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Flashcards in Tower S Deck (23):
1

FIHA ENR 1.1, Para 2.11.8.4 Tracking Requirements

Checked 09AUG17




Tracking requirements for a visual approach

Tracking requirements for a visual approach include the following:

a. An aircraft captain must maintain track/heading on the route progressively authorised by ATC until;
1) by day, within 5NM of the aerodrome; or
2) by night,
i for an IFR flight, within the prescribed circling area; or
ii for a VFR flight, within 3NM of the aerodrome; and
iii the aerodrome is in sight.

b. From this position the circuit must be joined as directed by ATC for an approach to the nominated runway.

2

MATS 10.5.3.1 – Vertical separation minima

Checked 09AUG17



Vertical separation standards

V1 - 500 ft

(Card 1 of 4)

Apply 500FT between IFR and VFR aircraft (including SVFR), or between SVFR aircraft where SVFR clearance is due to visibility, under the following conditions:

a) both aircraft are 7000kg MTOW or less;

b) both aircraft are at or below 10000FT; and

c) traffic information is provided to the IFR aircraft, unless it is
impracticable.

3

MATS 10.5.3.2 – Vertical separation minima

Checked 09AUG17



Vertical separation standards

V2 - 1000 ft

(Card 2 of 4)

Apply 1000 FT to:

a) all aircraft, up to and including FL290; and

b) aircraft with RVSM approval except military formation aircraft, from FL290 to FL410 inclusive.




Note: A pilot report OPERATING ON ONE PRIMARY ALTIMETER ONLY when within the RVSM band does not constitute an equipment failure for the application of RVSM separation.

4

MATS 10.5.3.3 – Vertical separation minima

Checked 09AUG17



Vertical separation standards

V3 - 2000 ft

(Card 3 of 4)

Apply 2000 FT:
a) in known standing wave conditions or severe turbulence at all levels;

b) from FL290 to FL410 inclusive:
i) when at least one aircraft is not RVSM approved;
ii) following pilot report of an inability to comply with RVSM due to equipment failure;
iii) following an encounter with turbulence that affects the capability to maintain flight level; or
iv) to military formation aircraft, regardless of the individual RVSM approval state of each aircraft within the formation; and

c) above FL410 to all aircraft.

5

MATS 10.5.3.4 – Vertical separation minima

Checked 09AUG17



Vertical separation standards

V4 - 3000 ft

(Card 4 of 4)

Apply 3000 FT at all levels when one or more aircraft is operating at supersonic speeds.

6

Apply wake turbulence separation to departing aircraft when any of the following apply:

a) Both aircraft are using the same runway for take-off:
b) An aircraft taking off behind a landing heavier wake turbulence category aircraft is expected to become airborne before the touchdown point of the landing aircraft
c) An aircraft is taking off and a preceding departing or arriving aircraft on a crossing runway has rotated at or before the runway intersection or touched down at or beyond the intersection
d) Using parallel runways or HLS for departures when the runways or HLS are separated by less than 760m, unless the HLS location and projected flight path of the helicopter are located outside the wake turbulence envelope of the other aircraft;

7

Apply wake turbulence separation for arriving aircraft when:

a) Both aircraft are using the same runway for take-off or landing
b) An aircraft is landing and could still be airborne at the intersection of a crossing runway and a preceding departing or arriving aircraft on that crossing runway has rotated at or before the runway intersection or touched down at or beyond the intersection
c) A light aircraft during its landing run will cross the flight path of, or intersection of a crossing runway, behind a departing Heavy or Super aircraft that has rotated at or before the intersection
d) Using parallel runways or an HLS when the runways or HLS are separated by less than 760m unless the HLS location and projected flight path of the helicopter are located outside the wake turbulence envelope of the other aircraft

8

MATS 10.5.2.2.2 – Do not specify rate

Checked 09AUG17



Avoid prescribing a rate of climb or descent to who?

Do not specify a rate of climb or descent if it is believed that an aircraft is:

a) operating in close vertical proximity to the control area upper or lower limit;

or

b) climbing or descending VISUAL or VFR to an assigned level and maintaining clearance from terrain or cloud.

9

MATS 11.1.11.1 – Authorising visual approach

Checked 09AUG17




When may a visual approach be authorised?

When a flight other than that described in Clause 11.1.11.3 is within 30 NM of an aerodrome, a visual approach may be authorised by day or night for:

a) a VFR flight; or

b) an IFR flight when:

i) the pilot has established and can continue flight to the aerodrome with continuous visual reference to the ground or water; and

ii) the visibility along the flight path is not less than 5000m (or by day, the aerodrome is in sight).

10

MATS 9.4.3 – Vertical buffers

Checked 09AUG17



Vertical buffers between aircraft inside and outside airspace

Vertical buffer with base of CTA - VFR aircraft
Assign levels to VFR aircraft to provide a buffer of at least 500 FT with the base of CTA.

Vertical buffer with base of CTA - IFR aircraft
Except on pilot request, assign levels to IFR aircraft to provide a buffer with the base of CTA in accordance with the following table:

1) Base of CTR VFR Level (eg 1500ft)
vertical buffer of 500ft from base of CTA
EXCEPTION for IFR traffic operating less than 500ft below the CTA base - provide 1000ft from base of CTA

2) Base of CTR IFR Level (eg 3000ft)
vertical buffer of 1000ft from base of CTA
EXCEPTION: if no IFR traffic operating at the base of CTA - provide 500ft from the base of CTA


11

MATS 12.9.1.4 – Use of situation display

Checked 09AUG17



Tower controllers may use the situation display to:

DAVD
ATSIaade
Daptaem

a) determine aircraft identification, location or spatial relationship to other aircraft;

b) assist in the assessment of traffic in the provision of:
i) aerodrome control;
ii) traffic information;
iii) sequencing; and
iv) information and assistance to aircraft during emergencies;

c) vector when necessary; and

d) determine the altitude, position or tracking of aircraft to establish or monitor separation.

12

MATS 9.4.1.1 – Considerations

Checked 09AUG17



Level assignment considerations

Assign levels, taking into account:

a) separation;

b) terrain clearance;

c) the tables of cruising levels;

d) provision for radio failure; and

e) priority.

13

MATS 1.1.1.23 – Definitions

Checked 09AUG17



Define Visual (ATC)
"The word visual when used by air traffic controllers"

sea salt and more

Used by ATC to instruct a pilot to see and avoid obstacles while conducting flight below the MVA or MSA/LSALT.

14

Define Standard Rate:

ATC may specify a rate of climb or descent. Other considerations are as follows:
The phrase “STANDARD RATE”, when included in a clearance, specifies a rate of climb or descent of not less than 500FT per minute, except that the last 1,000FT to an assigned level shall be made at 500FT per minute.

15

AIP GEN 3.5 - 28 – Wind Shear





Following notification of wind shear who is responsible for the decision to takeoff or land

The responsibility to continue an approach to land, or to takeoff, following notification of low level wind shear rests with the:

pilot in command

16

MATS 11.1.1.2 – Allow for radio failure

Checked 09AUG17




Under procedural control, aircraft flying to the same fix, within 10 minutes of the fix are no issued the same level.

Why?

To provide for the possibility of radio failure,

do not assign the same level to aircraft under procedural control,

cleared to the same holding fix or holding fixes that are not laterally separated,

while they are flying within 10 minutes of the holding fix.

17

What categories do pilots use to report wind shear

above light, pilots report, moderate, strong and severe

18

Table relating to QNH and flight level pressures...

Flight levels in the Standard Pressure Region are precluded from use when:
QNH is less than
1013, 997, 980, 963 hPa
Flight level not available
FL110, 115, 120, 125

19

What's air traffic control do if forecast areas QNH different to local QNH by 5hPa?

9.3.1.2
QNH Variations

Notify the MET office when you observe that the difference between Local QNH and Area QNH exceeds 5hPa

20

What's the maximum age of QNH that can be transmitted?

9.3.2.2 QNH older than 30min
Do not pass a QNH that is more than 30 minutes old

21

What height does the transition layer commence?

9.3.1.2 Transition Layer
Australian FIRs use a transition layer between the 10,000FT transition altitude and the
transition level of FL110 to FL125
depending on QNH

22

MATS 11.1.11.5 – Vectoring VSA at night

Checked 21AUG17



Assigning a VSA when vectoring at night

When vectoring at night, you may assign an IFR aircraft, other than a Super or Heavy jet aircraft as detailed in Clause 11.1.11.3, a visual approach at any distance from an aerodrome if;

a) the aircraft has been assigned the lowest practicable MVA; and

b) the aircraft is given heading or tracking instruction to intercept final or position the aircraft within the circling area of the aerodrome

23

MATS 11.1.11.5.1 – Phraseology Vectoring VSA at night

Checked 21AUG17



What phraseology to use when issue VSA

When aircraft are vectored into the circling area

WHEN ESTABLISHED IN THE CIRCLING AREA, CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH

When aircraft are vectored for VASIS/GLIDEPATH

WHEN ESTABLISHED ON THE VASIS (OR PAPI, OR GLIDEPATH), CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH