TRAINING FOR W/C USERS Flashcards Preview

EXCI 380 > TRAINING FOR W/C USERS > Flashcards

Flashcards in TRAINING FOR W/C USERS Deck (63):
1

What happens with regular exercise training (benefits)?

physical independance
self-confidence
ADLs
social interaction
reduces stress
EFFICIENCY OF HEART AND BLOOD FLOW TO LOWER EXTREMITIES
muscle strength and bone mineral density
decreases the risk of HEART DISEASE

2

One of the leading causes of death in persons with spinal cord injury??

HEART DISEASE

3

If you have a non-motor control wheelchair, you typically will have which diseases?

cardiovascular - myocardial infarction
pulmonary - cystic fibrosis, COPD
metabolic - diabetes, obesity, frailty
immunological and hematologic - cancer, AIDS
orthopedic - arthritis, amputation

4

If you have a motor control wheelchair, you typically will have which diseases?

neuromuscular - stroke, parkinsons, CP, SCI, MS

5

How to avoid overstress to the wheelchair structure

respect the maximum recommended weight capacity of the wheelchair

6

Pulling up = less or more weight?

Less

7

What happens when you exceed the max payload?

failure of one or more components of wheelchair and could result in severe injury or death

8

Most wheelchairs are only tested to ______ maximum use weight

250 lbs

9

Stability issues for wheelchair users

1) attempt exercise for first time with assistance of a spotter
2) be aware chair might tip over
3) lock wheelchair
4) powered w/cs should be turned off (heavier and dont move)

10

Which chairs dont have wheel locks?

sports chairs

11

How close should the wheelchair be to the exercise equipment?

as close as possible

12

What are step risers used for?

used to block the wheels of the wheelchair to further assist in preventing movement of your wheelchair during ex

13

What else can you do to weigh down the wheelchair other than step risers?

use a weight (like a dumbbell) if you have no spotter

or just use a spotter if possible

14

Are anti-tip wheels enough for exercise?

no

15

(Forward stability) To prevent tipping forward, what should you do?

rotate the front casters forward before locking the wheel locks
essentially by moving the w/c BACKWARDS, you are making it more stable for yourself

16

Should COG be within the base support or out of it for stability?

WITHIN

17

(Rearward stability) To prevent tipping backwards, what should you do?

rear wheels should be REARWARD and not forward, because you could tip back

18

Benefits of wheels forward in rearward stability? p221

easier to lift front part of wheelchair to avoid obstacles. Less stable tho

19

Benefits of wheels rearward in rearward stability?

more stable because COG falls in base of support

20

Disadvantages of wheel rearward in rearward stability?

Decreased shoulder joint forces
therefore, decreased push frequency

21

What causes rearward tipping?

pushing weights forward or upward, or lifting weights above and behind the head.

22

What should the spotter do to avoid rearward tipping?

hold down the front of the w/c near the front casters or leg supports to prevent the w/c from tipping over

23

Explain the use of a restraint

A large plate that sits underneath all wheels of the wheelchair witht wo ratchet straps at the FRONT to hold down the front of the wheelchair. Wheelchair user can back onto this plate

24

What if you dont have restraints to use?

spotter
step risers
wooden blocks

25

3 methods for lateral stability

leaning
holding
use of a psotter to prevent

26

Which direction should you lean for lateral stability?

lean towards the side of the w/c opposite to the tipping direction

27

Explain holding for lateral stability

hold wheelchair frame or wheel on opposite side

OR hold a handrail or other piece of stationary fitness equipment

28

Better to lean or hold for laterals tability?

hold

29

What do postural positioning straps do?

hold participant securely in seat

30

How is the model of positioning straps chosen?

Sport/activity
and on trunk function

31

The better your trunk muscles, the (less/more) of a need for positioning straps

less

32

What happens if theres no fixed grips for the purpose of having to transfer?

adjust weight of machine to MAX and use grip thats designed to move as a transfer point
MAKE SURE THAT BODY WEIGHT IS LESS THAN WEIGHT OF MACHINE

33

Transfer is made towards the (stronger/weaker) side of body.

stronger

34

Adaptive equipment (2)

grasping cuff or ctivity mitts

wrist cuff

35

When are grasping cuffs or activity mitts useful?

when grip strength or hand function is limited

very helpful and effective for hands to grip weight machines or dumbbells

36

When are wrist cuffs helpful?

to perform resistance exercises

37

What can wrist cuffs be attached to?

resistance bands or cable resistance

38

Grasping cuffs or activity mitts for quadriplegics or paraplegics?

quadriplegics (para dont need it)

39

Elastic bands or tubing provide exercise comparable to?

free weights

40

resistance of elastic bands or tubing can be modified by which 2 things?

changing colour

increasing stretch

41

How is elastic bands good for motorized exercise cycles?

very good for passive range of lower limbs, and circulation

CAN IT INDUCE A EX RESPONSE?
NO BECAUSE NO CONTRACTION

42

When looking at a graph for elastic bands, how do you know which is stronger than the other in the table?

the lower one is STRONGER than the one directly above by 25%

43

100% elongation =?

double

44

200% elongation=?

4x

45

force production of bands is directly related to

elongation

46

Each color will provide a specfic amoutn of resistance at the ______ percent elongation , regardless of initial resting length

same

47

CHEST STRETCH

clasp hands behind your back

exhale and role shoulders back as you stick out your chest and hold 10 seconds

48

HAMSTRING STRETCH

place leg on chair mat or bench
exhale as you reach forward
Hold 20 sec
repeat with other leg

49

SHOULDER SHRUG

hold 10 seconds

exhale when your shoulders go back down

50

SHOULDER RETRACTION

Exhale while bringing shoulders back as far as poss

51

TRICEPS STRETCH

exhale pressing down

52

TRUNK ROTATION

Place hand on opposite thigh. Take a deep breath in and exhale while twisting the torso, looking over the shoulder.

53

SEATED CHEST STRETCH IN DOORWAY

Place arm bent at 90 degrees in doorway. take deep breath in, exhale while turning the head to the opp side, looking over that shoulder. repeat with other arm, looking over the opposite

54

LATERAL TRUNK FUNCTION

Take deep breath in, exhale as trunk bends to the left and right arm extends overhead. hold and repeat on other side

55

TRICEPS KICKBACK

place hand ur not lifting on stationary object
for stability and to allow yout o slightly lean forward

with one hand grasping the hand grip of the free weight or cable resistance, move elow behind the midline of the body, keeping arm at 90 degrees. take a deep breath in. exhale and extend the elbow.

56

Improving tricep stretch in wheelchair users can help which ADLs?

to propel wheelchair

57

UPRIGHT ROW: MUSCLES??

delts, traps and biceps

58

UPRIGHT ROW

start with arms down at both sides, palms facing back. use a strap to support your upper body if needed. exhale and bend your elbows to bring your hands to your armpits. keep your hands close to the body through the motion. inhale and slowly lower to the starting position.

59

Individuals with a complete injury at or above _______ may not be able to perform this movement.

C5-C6

60

Vertebrals most common in card accident whiplash

C5-C6

61

SEATED ROW: MUSCLES??

lower, middle, upper back

also, shoulder and chest!

62

ROWING MACHINE

hold onto single or double hand and reach forward AS FAR AS POSSIBLE without losing balance in the forward direction. Pull back, leading with your shoulders to the rear while pulling your arms back as far as possible.

63

WHat should you keep in mind while doing rowing machine?

important to lock wheelchair and to use risers to block the wheels and secure the stationary position