Flashcards in Tranquilizers Deck (12):
state of behavioral change, in which the patient is relaxed, unconquered by surroundings, & often indifferent to minor pain
What is the goal of tranquilizers?
Alleviate anxiety w/o affecting clarity of consciousness
Uses of tranquilizers
• Tranquilized BEFORE handling
• enhance smooth recovery
• some skeletal muscle realization
What is the diff in true sedation vs tranquilizer?
In contrast to tranquilizers, only real sedatives at HIGH does levels cause a profound CNS depression that resemble anesthesia
Tranquilizers do NOT provide analgesia & loud noises stimulation can reverse the calming effects of the drugs
most commonly used tranquilizer
• blockade of effects of dopamine, by antagonizing dopamine excitatory receptors & depressing connection to the cerebral cortex
What are undesirable side effects of phenothiazine?
• Vasodilation --> hypotension
- due to blockage of alpha-adrenergic receptors
** Do Not give Epi!!
• Pre-medication for general anesthesia
-- Low dose
-- prevents bradycadia (w/ atropine)
-- higher dose
• DO NOT use Epi
• avoid in seizure patients --> reduces threshold
• Anti-emesis (1/3 -1/2 dose used to tranqu)
• utilized in self mutilation anxiety
• Do NOT use w/ Equine COLIC (hypotension!)
MOA (dopamine antagonist)
• Mainly dopamine receptor blockade
--> inhibits central action of catecholamines
- less severe than w/ phenothiazine
• Do NOT use w/ Epi
Drugs used to restrain wild animals
3. Pipothiazine palmtate
Which short acting drug is used in combo w/ long acting tranquilizer?