Triglyceride formation Flashcards Preview

Home Economics: 01.5 - Lipids > Triglyceride formation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Triglyceride formation Deck (7)
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1

How is a triglyceride formed?

When a hydrogen atom from the carboxyl end of a fatty acid joins with the hydroxyl group of a glycerol

2

How many fatty acids join a glycerol in the formation of a triglyceride?

Three

3

What is released at the bond between the carboxyl end of the fatty acids and the hydroxyl group of the glycerol?

Water is released

4

What type of reaction occurs at the bond between the fatty acids and the glycerol?

A condensation reaction

5

In total how many waters are released during the formation of a triglyceride?

Three waters are released

6

What is the structure of a triglyceride before the release of water?

.....H O H H H
......| || | | |
H-C- (OH + H)O-C-C-C-C-H
| -H2O | | |
| H H H
|
| O H H H
| || | | |
H-C- (OH + H)O-C-C-C-C-H
| -H2O | | |
| H H H
|
| O H H H
| || | | |
H-C- (OH + H)O-C-C-C-C-H
| -H2O | | |
H H H H

7

What is the structure of a triglyceride after the release of water?

....H O H H H
| || | | |
H-C-O-C-C-C-C-H
| | | |
| H H H
|
| O H H H
| || | | |
H-C-O-C-C-C-C-H
| | | |
| H H H
|
| O H H H
| || | | |
H-C-O-C-C-C-C-H
| | | |
H H H H