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Home Economics: 01.5 - Lipids > Saturated fatty acids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Saturated fatty acids Deck (9)
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1

What does it mean to be fully saturated?

All the carbon atoms in a saturated fatty acid have their full quota of hydrogens

2

How many double bonds are present between the carbon atoms of a saturated fatty acid?

There are no double bonds present

3

Saturated fatty acids usually take what form at room temperature?

They are usually solid

4

What is the source of most saturated fatty acids?

Animal sources

5

What effect do saturated fatty acids have on human health?

Saturated fatty acids contribute to the build up of cholesterol on the arteries

6

Do saturated fatty acids have a high or low melting point?

High melting point

7

List two types of saturated fatty acids and their sources

Butyric acid in butter
Stearic acid in meat

8

What is the structure of a saturated acid?

.......O H H H H
|| | | | |
HO-C-C-C-C-C-H
| | | |
H H H H

9

Write a note on saturated fat
(7 points)

Mainly come from animal sources

High melting point

Their carbons have their full quota of hydrogens

There are no double bonds present between the carbon atoms

Generally solid at room temperature

Contribute to the build up of cholesterol on the arteries

Examples = Butyric acid in butter and stearic acid in meat