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Flashcards in Turkey 1920 Deck (10)
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1

What was the treaty of 1920 called?

Treaty of Sevres

2

When was the treaty of 1920 signed?

10 August 1920

3

What states did Turkey have to recognise as independent in the treaties of 1920?

Kingdom of Herjaz and Armenia

4

To whom did Turkey lose their provinces?

Turkey lost its provinces in the Middle East to Britain (Palestine, Iraq and Transjordan) and France (Syria) under the League mandates

5

To whom did Turkey lose territory to?

Greece and Italy

6

What would happen to the Dardanelles Strait?

It was to become an international waterway

7

How did Turkey react to the loss of Smyrna to Greece?

It outraged Turkish national feeling as the principle of self-determination was being ignored

8

What was sparked by the treaty?

A national movement

9

Who was the national movement led by?

Mustapha Kemal

10

What did Mustapha Kemal do?

He challenged the peace treaty by using force to drive the Greeks out of Smyrna, forcing the treaty to be re-negotiated