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Flashcards in Types of anemias Deck (29)
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1

IDA

microcytic hypochromic

2

ACD/ARD

microcytic hypochromic/ normocytic normochromic*MC

3

Thalassemia

microcytic hypochromic

4

Chronic blood loss anemia / IDA

microcytic hypochromic

5

Acute blood loss anemia

normocytic normochromic

6

hemolytic anemia (SS)

normocytic normochromic

7

Folate deficiency anemia

macrocytic hyper/normo

8

Pernicious anemia

macrocytic hyper/normo

9

Aplastic anemia

normocytic normochromic

10

AML

MC in 1st month of life
myeloblast, promyelocytes

11

ALL

MC in patients over 20
L-blasts

12

CML

Philadelphia chromosome
myelocytes, metamyelocytes, neutrophils, bands

13

CLL

High small mature lymphocytes

14

Hodgkins lymphoma

Reed Sternberg cells. Neutrophilia, monocytosis

15

Non hodgkins lymphoma

Normal blood tests painless enlarged cervical nodes

16

Neutrophilic leukemoid reaction

mimic CML, myelocytes, metamyelocytes, neutrophils, bands, NO philadelphia chromosome

17

bands are early _____cells

neutrophil

18

lymphocytic leukemoid reaction

mimics CLL, lymphocytosis, nothing in bone marrow and negative lymph nodes

19

Multiple myeloma

plasma cells proliferate, normocytic normochromic, M-spike with protein electrophoresis, and bence jones proteinuria

20

anisocytes

vary in size hemolytic anemia

21

hypochromia

low hgb IDA, ACD thalassemia

22

ovalocytes

IDA, megaloblastic anemia

23

teardrop cells

thalassemia

24

target cells

hgb in rim/central core making a target. thalassemia, sickle cell, chronic liver disease

25

poikilocytes

abnormal shape variant anemias and leukemia

26

basophilic stippling

RNA in rbc, lead poisoning, thalassemia, hemolytic anemias

27

primary polycythemia verarubra

opposite of aplastic anemia, high rbc, wbc, hgb, hct = panhyperplasia, normal mcv and mch

28

secondary polycythemia

high rbcs, hgb due to need body neeeding more o2

29

tertiary polycythemia

dehydration decrease in plasma volume, increase rbcs, hgb, hct, with normal wbcs/platelets