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Flashcards in UE & LE oian Deck (60)
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1

Rectus femoris

AIIS
Tibial tuberosity
Hip flexion, knee extension
L2, L3, L4

2

Sartorius

ASIS
Proximal medial tibia
combo of hip flexion, abduction, ER, knee flexion
L2, L3

3

Pectineus

Superior pubic ramus
Pectineal femoral line
hip flexion, adduction
L2, L3, L4

4

Adductor Longus

Pubis
Middle 1/3 of linea aspera (posterior femur)
Hip adduction
L3, L4

5

Adductor Brevis

Pubis
Pectineal line and proximal linea aspera
Hip adduction
L3, L4

6

Adductor Magnus

Ischium and Pubis
Entire linea aspera and adductor tubercle
hip adduction
L3, L4

7

Gracilis

Pubis
Anterior medial surface of proximal tibia
hip adduction
L2, L3

8

Gluteus Maximus

Posterior sacrum and ilium
posterior femur, distal to greater trochanter and ITB
Hip extension, hyperextension, ER
L5, S1, S2

9

Semimembranosus

ischial tuberosity
posterior medial condyle of tibia
hip extension, knee flexion
L5, S1, S2

10

Semitendinosus

ischial tuberosity
ant/med surface of prox tibia
hip extension, knee flexion
L5, S1, S2

11

Biceps femoris

Long head: Ischial tube Short: lateral linea aspera
Fibular head
Long: Hip ext, knee flex Short: knee flex
Long: S1, S2,S3 Short: L5, S1, S2

12

Gluteus Medius

outer surface of ilium
lateral surface of greater trochanter
hip abd
L4, L5, S1

13

Gluteus minimus

Lateral ilium
anterior surface of greater trochanter
hip abd, IR
L4, L5, S1

14

Tensor Fascia Lata

ASIS
Lat tibial condyle
combo hip flexion and abd
L4, L5

15

Vastus lateralis

linea aspera
tibial tuberosity (patellar tendon)
Knee ext
L2, L3, L4

16

Vastus medialis

linea aspera
tibial tuberosity
knee ext
L2, L3, L4

17

Vastus intermedialis

Ant femur
tibial tuberosity via patellar tendon
knee ext
L2, L3, L4

18

Gastrocnemius

Medial and lateral condyles of femur
posterior calcaneus
knee flexion, ankle plantar flex
S1, S2

19

Soleus

posterior tibia and fibula
posterior calcaneus
ankle plantar flexion
S1, S2

20

Tibialis Posterior

Interosseous membrane and adjacent tibia and fibula
navicular and most tarsals and MTs
ankle inversion, assist PF
L5, S1

21

Flexor hallucis longus

posterior fibula and intersseous membrane
distal phalanx of big toe
flex big toe, assists ankle inversion and PF
L5, S1, S2

22

flexor digitorum longus

posterior tibia
distal phalanx of 4 lesser toes
flexes 4 toes assist ankle inv and PF
L5, S1

23

Tibialis anterior

Lateral tibia and interosseous membrane
1st cuniform and 1st MT
ankle inversion and dorsiflexon
L4, L5, S1

24

Extensor Hallucis Longus

Fibula and interosseus membrane
distal phalanx of big toe
extension big toe, assists ankle Inv and DF
L4, L5, S1

25

Extensor Digitorum Longus

Fibula, interosseous membrane, tibia
distal phalanx of 4 lesser toes
extension 4 lesser toes, assist ankle DF
L4, L5, S1

26

Peroneus Longus

lateral proximal fibula and interosseus membrane
plantar surface 1st cuniform and MT
ankle eversion assist PF
L4, L5,S1

27

Peroneus brevis

lateral distal fibula
base of 5th MT
ankle eversion assist PF
L4, L5, S1

28

Peroneus tertius

distal medial fibula
base of 5th MT
assist eversion and DF
L4, L5, S1

29

Iliopsoas

Iliac fossa, ant-lateral surface of T12-L5
Lesser trochanter
hip flexion
L2, L3

30

Teres Major

axillary boarder of scapula
crest below lesser tubercle of humerus
shoulder ext, add, IR
C5, C6, C7

31

supraspinatus

supraspinous scapular fossa
Greater tubercle of humerus
shoulder abd
C5, C6

32

Infraspinatus

infraspinous scapular fossa
greater tubercle of humerus
Shld ER, horizontal abd
C5, C6

33

Teres minor

axillary scapular border
greater tubercle of humerus
shoulder ER, horizontal abd
C5, C6

34

Subscapularis

subscapular fossa of scapula
lesser tubercle of humerus
should IR
C5, C6

35

Brachialis

Distal 1/2 of humerus, ant surface
coronoid process and ulnar tubercle
elbow flex
C5, C6

36

Biceps brachii

Long head: supraglenoid tubercle of scapula Shorthead: coracoid process
Radial tuberosity of radius
elbow flexion, (shoulder flexion), forearm supination
C5, C6

37

Brachioradialis

Lat supracondylar ridge of humerus
radial styloid process
elbow flex
C5, C6

38

Triceps

Long: scapular infraglenoid tubercle Lateral: inferior to greater tubercle posterior humerus Med: posterior humerus
Olecranon process of ulna
elbow ext
c5, c6

39

pronator teres

med. Humeral epicondyle and ulnar coronoid process
middle, lateral radius
forearm pronation, (assist elbow flex)
c6,c7

40

pronator quadratus

distal 1/4 ulna
distal 1/4 radius
forearm pronation
C8. T1

41

supinator

lateral humeral epicondyle and adjacent ulna
ant proximal radius
forearm supination
C6

42

Flexor carpi ulnaris

Med. humeral epicondyle
pisiform and 5th MC base
wrist flex and ulnar deviate
C8, T1

43

flexor carpi radialis

med humeral epicondyle
base of 2nd and 3rd MC
wrist flex, radial dev
C6- C7

44

palmaris longus

med humeral epicondyle,
palmar fascia,
assistive in wrist flexion
C6-T7

45

extensor carpi radialis longus

supracondylar humeral ridge
base of 2nd MC
wrist ext radial dev
C6, C7

46

extensor carpi radialis brevis

lateral humeral epicondyle
base 3rd MC
wrist ext
c6, c7

47

extensor carpi ulnaris

lateral humeral epicondyle
base 5th MC
wrist ext ulnar dev
C6, c7, c8

48

flexor digitorum superficialis

common flexor tendon, medial epicondyle, coronoid process, and radius
sides of middle phalanges of 4 fingers
flexes MCP and PIP of fingers
C7, c8, t1

49

flexor digitorum profundus

upper 3/4s ulna
distal phalanx of 4 fingers
flexes MCP, PIP, DIPs of fingers
c8, t1

50

flexor pollicis longus

anterior radius
distal phalanx of thumb
flexes CMC, MCP, IP of thum
c8, t1

51

abductor pollicis longus

post radius, interosseous mem, middle ulna
base 1st MC
abduct thumb
c6, c7

52

extensor pollicis brevis

posterior distal radius
base thumb prox phalanx
ext CMC and MCP of thumb
c6,c7

53

extensor pollicis longus

middle post ulna adn interosseus mem
base of thumb and distal phalanx
ext CMC, MCP, and IP of thumb
c6,c7, c8

54

ext digitorum

lateral humberal epicondyle
base distal phalanx figers
extend all finger joints (CMC, DIP, PIP)
C6, c7, c8

55

extensor indicis

distal ulna
base of distal phalanx of index finger
extend all 3 finger jits of index finger
C6, c7, C8

56

extensor digiti minimi

lateral humeral epicondyle
base of distal phalanx of 5th finger
ext all 3 pinky jts
c6, c7, c8

57

pectoralis major

med 1/3 of clavicle (clavicular portion) sternum costal cartilages ribs 1-6 (sternal portion)
Lateral lip of bicipital groove of homerus
shoulder add, MR, horizontal add (clavicular part flex, sternal part ext)
c5, c6, c7, c8, t1

58

Latissimus dorsi

spinous processes of T7-L5 (dorsolumbar fascia), posterior surface of sacrum, iliac crest, and lower three ribs
I: medial floor of bicipital groove of humerus
shoulder extension, adduction, medial rotation, huperextension
C6, C7, C8

59

Deep rotators piriformis

posterior sacrum, ischium, pubis
greater trochanter (posteriou)
HIp ER
piriformis- S1
all others L5

60

Deltoid

Ant: lateral 1/3 of clavicle; Mid-acromion process; post- spine of scapula
I: deltoid tuberosity
A: ant- shldr abd, flex, IR, H.add; mid-shld abd; post-shld abd, ext, hyperext, ER, H.abd
C5,C6