UE: Shoulder Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > UE: Shoulder > Flashcards

Flashcards in UE: Shoulder Deck (44):
1

What bones make up the shoulder girdle?

scapula and clavicle make up the shoulder girdle they are both part of the appendicular skeleton

2

What are the bones of the upper extremity?

Humerus

Radius and Ulna

Carpals and Metacarpals and Phalanges

3

What part of the arm is the radius and ulna- forearm or arm?

forearm elbow to wrist

4

What part of the arm is the humerus- forearm or arm?

arm shoulder to elbow

5

Where is the radius in relation to the rest of the arm/hand?

Radius is on the thumb side of the hand.

6

Where is the ulna in relation to the rest of the arm/hand?

Ulna is on the pinky side of the hand.

7

Radius is _____to ulna.

lateral Radius is lateral to ulna.

8

Thumb side is ______ medial or lateral

The thumb side is lateral.

9

Pinky side is _______ medial or lateral

The pinky side is medial.

10

Carpals

bones in wrist

11

Metacarpals

bones in hand

12

Phalanges

bones in the fingers- digits

13

What is the axilla?

armpit

14

What is the glenoid cavity?

part of scapula where humerus articulates

15

What kind of joint does the humerus form with the shoulder?

ball and socket

16

What does the acromion process of the scapula articulate with?

clavicle

17

What does the corocoid process of the scapula look like?

C-shaped hook

18

What does the corodoid process of the scapula attach to?

pec minor

19

What does the suprascpaular ligmaent of the scapula close off?

suprascapular notch of the scapula

20

Does anything pass through the suprascapular notch of the scapula?

yes, a nerve passes through here

21

What part of the skeleton do the shoulder girdle and proximal humerus make up?

appendicular skeleton

22

Name the 3 joints of the shoulder:

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Sternoclavicular

Acromioclavicular

Glenohumeral

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23

What is the sternoclavicular joint?

Shoulder joint- between medial part of clavicle and manubrium of sternum, only attachment between UE and axial skeleton

24

What is the acromioclavicular joint?

Shoulder joint- between acromion of scapula and lateral end of clavicle

25

What is the glenohumeral joint?

Shoulder joint- ball and socket joint between head of humerus and glenoid cavity

26

What kind of movements can the glenohumeral joint make?

i. Allow for a lot of movement- produces all the movements at the shoulder joint 1) abDuction and aBduction at the shoulder 2) flexion and extension at the shoulder 3) medial, lateral , external rotation 4) circumduction

27

What is the glenoid labrum?

It is fibrocartiliage that sits in the glenoid cavity to make it more of a socket. Allows head of humerus to plug into this socket.

28

What surrounds the glenohumeral joint?

ligaments, rotator cuff muscles and bursae

29

What are the three joints of the shoulder?

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30

Name the structure

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31

Label the parts of the shoulder, arm, forearm, and hand

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32

Label the parts of the scapula

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33

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34

Label the parts of the forearm

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35

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36

Label the parts of the hand and wrist

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37

Label the muscles of the back

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38

Label the muscles over the scapula

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39

Muscles over the scapula

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40

Muscles over the scapula

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41

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42

Boundaries of the axilla

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43

44

Know the structure

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