Uneven Development and Sustainable Environments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uneven Development and Sustainable Environments Deck (37)
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1

Primary

Growing or extracting raw materials.

2

Secondary

Manufacturing and processing goods.

3

Tertiary

Providing a service.

4

Quaternary

Providing information services.

5

Public Sector

People employed by the national, regional or local government.

6

Private Sector

People who are self-employed or work for a larger company/organisation that is not controlled by the government.

7

Site

The land on which the industrial unit is to be built.

8

Situation

The land surrounding the site.

9

Imports

Goods that a country buys in from other countries.

10

Exports

Goods that a country sells to other countries.

11

Quota

A limit placed on the quantity of goods that a country may export to another.

12

Import duty

A tax or tariff that must be paid by a company when exporting its goods to a country.

13

Subsidy

A payment a country makes to its own producers to make them more competitive against imported goods.

14

Bilateral Aid

Aid given by the government of one country to the government of another.

15

Non-government Aid

Aid given by independent organisations, often charities, which collect donations to use in countries and groups that need help.

16

Emergency Aid

Help given to affected areas immediately following a disaster. It concentrates on providing basic necessities like food, shelter and medical help.

17

Multilateral Aid

Aid given by governments to large international organisations which help then decide how the aid should be distributed.

18

Aquifer

A large store of underground water, usually contained in porous rocks.

19

Groundwater

Water in the ground below the water table.

20

Adult Literacy

The percentage of people over 16 years old in a country or region that can read and write

21

Arable Farming

The type of farming that involves growing crops

22

The Brandt Report

A report produced in 1980 that divided the world into More Economically Developed Countries

23

Economic recession

A period of decline during which some industrial activity closes, people become unemployed and the negative multiplier operates

24

European Union

A free-trade area established within the member countries in 1993

25

Fair Trade

Fair trade means that the producer receives a guaranteed and fair price for their product regardless of the price on the world market.

26

Favela

A Brazilian shanty town or squatter settlement

27

Formal employment

Official jobs with set hours and rates of pay. People who are formally employed pay direct taxes to the government.

28

Free trade

The movement of goods and services within a country or trade group which does not require the payment

29

Globalisation

The expansion of a company from its original country to a position where it has branches in many countries. These have an important influence on world trade.

30

GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

The total value of all the goods and services produced in a country in one year by all the people living in that country.