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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (34):
1

Scientific methods

Research based on observable, empirical and measurable evidence that precedes from observation, hypothesis- testing then evaluation.

2

Sociological Imagination

A form of critical thinking that examines the social world from multiple points of view. it seems the social in individual behaviour

3

Theory

A theory is a statement about the way the world is believed to work. the role of sociological theories is to explain social behaviour in the real world. for example why are some people racist or sexist or ageist?

4

Sociological perspective

A sociological perspective is a collection of theories that provides researches with a model to guide and reflect upon their social research.

5

Research Methods

The ways in which researches collect data, conduct research and analysis findings.

6

Experiment

Controlled research that involves testing the effect of one variable on another variable, usually by comparing results from a control group to an experimental group.

7

Survey

Research involving participants responding to set of questions or statements that are usually analysed statistically.

8

Questionnaire

Research involving a set of planned questions for participants to answer which is usually analysed statistically.

9

Interview

Research whereby a participant is asked to answer a serious of questions though a one-on-one conversation.

10

Fieldwork

Research involving the careful observation and recording of participant behaviour in a naturalistic setting

11

Participants Observation

Research involving the careful watching and recording of participants (subject) behaviour in a clinical or naturalistic setting.

12

Secondary Analysis

Research involving the study of data conducted by someone else.

13

Historical Analysis

Research involving the use of the primary sources and other original evidence to form accounts of the past.

14

Quantitative Data

Numerical information that has been collected in research that reflects the amount or quantity of what is being studied.

15

Qualitative Data

Descriptive information that has been collected in research that includes words, descriptions. pictures and other quantities of what is being studied. commonly used in social sciences.​

16

Sociological discourse

A discourse is a way of reflecting on data and observations made about people or events. Opinions are based upon a collection of beliefs, 'truths', myths and the language of a culture/subculture.

17

Stereotype

Assumptions about individuals based on their social group membership rather than individual characteristics.

18

Youth

A socially constructed, age based, social category appropriate to Western societies which usually includes young people between the ages of 12 and 24.

19

Adolescence

A term with strong biological associations describing the period of onset of puberty to full sexual reproduction and full physical maturation.

20

Prejudice

A positive or negative prejudgement (attitude) about an entire category of people

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Discrimination

The unequal treatment (actions) towards a category of people.

22

Ethnicity

The particular cultural features that are shared by the distinctive group or population. The social traits shared by these groupings include nationality, ideology, and lifestyles. Common language, common cultural and religious practices and a common ancestry support the ethic identity.

23

Cultural hybridity

The process of combining and drawing upon different cultural and ethnic identities to create a new hybridised culture, slightly changing the dominant culture in the process.

24

Social class

The social identity and status of groups of people based on shared social and economic background. In Australia the term socioeconomic status (SES) is often used interchangeably with social class.

25

International inequity

Disadvantage that passes across the multiple generations within the one family​

26

Gender

Refers to the socially and culturally constructed categories of feminine and masculine, as compared to the biological categories of sex ( female or male)

27

Sexual orientation

Refers to a person's physical and/or attraction to the same and/or opposite gender

28

Baby Boomers

A social category encompassing Australian's who were born between 1946 and 1964

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Generation Y

A social category encompassing Australian's who were born between 1980 and 1994

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Generation Z

A social category encompassing Australian's who were born between 1995 and 2009

31

Digital Native

A person who was born into a generation in which information and communication technology (ICT) already existed, and who has therefore used ICT from a young age

32

Digital Immigrant

A person who was born before the prevalence of information and comminution technology (ICT) and subsequently learnt to use it late in life

33

Generation X

The generation of people born between 1963 and 1980. They are described as being individualistic, flexible, technologically proficient and possessing a strong work/life balance

34

Subculture

A minority group containing members who are categorised who are categorised with shared characteristics or interests such as norms, values, ethnicity, social class or sexual orientation.