Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (34):
Research based on observable, empirical and measurable evidence that precedes from observation, hypothesis- testing then evaluation.
A form of critical thinking that examines the social world from multiple points of view. it seems the social in individual behaviour
A theory is a statement about the way the world is believed to work. the role of sociological theories is to explain social behaviour in the real world. for example why are some people racist or sexist or ageist?
A sociological perspective is a collection of theories that provides researches with a model to guide and reflect upon their social research.
The ways in which researches collect data, conduct research and analysis findings.
Controlled research that involves testing the effect of one variable on another variable, usually by comparing results from a control group to an experimental group.
Research involving participants responding to set of questions or statements that are usually analysed statistically.
Research involving a set of planned questions for participants to answer which is usually analysed statistically.
Research whereby a participant is asked to answer a serious of questions though a one-on-one conversation.
Research involving the careful observation and recording of participant behaviour in a naturalistic setting
Research involving the careful watching and recording of participants (subject) behaviour in a clinical or naturalistic setting.
Research involving the study of data conducted by someone else.
Research involving the use of the primary sources and other original evidence to form accounts of the past.
Numerical information that has been collected in research that reflects the amount or quantity of what is being studied.
Descriptive information that has been collected in research that includes words, descriptions. pictures and other quantities of what is being studied. commonly used in social sciences.
A discourse is a way of reflecting on data and observations made about people or events. Opinions are based upon a collection of beliefs, 'truths', myths and the language of a culture/subculture.
Assumptions about individuals based on their social group membership rather than individual characteristics.
A socially constructed, age based, social category appropriate to Western societies which usually includes young people between the ages of 12 and 24.
A term with strong biological associations describing the period of onset of puberty to full sexual reproduction and full physical maturation.
A positive or negative prejudgement (attitude) about an entire category of people
The unequal treatment (actions) towards a category of people.
The particular cultural features that are shared by the distinctive group or population. The social traits shared by these groupings include nationality, ideology, and lifestyles. Common language, common cultural and religious practices and a common ancestry support the ethic identity.
The process of combining and drawing upon different cultural and ethnic identities to create a new hybridised culture, slightly changing the dominant culture in the process.
The social identity and status of groups of people based on shared social and economic background. In Australia the term socioeconomic status (SES) is often used interchangeably with social class.
Disadvantage that passes across the multiple generations within the one family
Refers to the socially and culturally constructed categories of feminine and masculine, as compared to the biological categories of sex ( female or male)
Refers to a person's physical and/or attraction to the same and/or opposite gender
A social category encompassing Australian's who were born between 1946 and 1964
A social category encompassing Australian's who were born between 1980 and 1994
A social category encompassing Australian's who were born between 1995 and 2009
A person who was born into a generation in which information and communication technology (ICT) already existed, and who has therefore used ICT from a young age
A person who was born before the prevalence of information and comminution technology (ICT) and subsequently learnt to use it late in life
The generation of people born between 1963 and 1980. They are described as being individualistic, flexible, technologically proficient and possessing a strong work/life balance