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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (26):
1

Jewish Bible

Tanakh
1. Torah: "The Law" or "instruction"
2. Nevi'im: Former and Latter "Prophets"
3. Khetuvim: "Writings", Latest writings

2

Christian Bible

1. Pentateuch (similar to Torah)
2. History (Former Prophets)
3. Prophets (Latter prophets)
4. Wisdom Literature (Khetuvim)

3

Dei Verbum

-Latin= "word of God"
-1965 Vatican 2 reform movement
-Stewardship of revelation: direct lineage from Christ--> apostles--> bishops--> us
-Role of sacred tradition, scripture, and authority of Church: Sacred scripture and tradition= two pillars of biblical interpretation
-Bible= product of God's will and human intellect (look at clues in human context to interpret bible)
*Attention to context and literary form

4

Diachronic

-Studying text through time

5

Exegete

-Someone who studies scripture

6

Redaction

-Edit (discuss more later)

7

Genre criticism

-Also known as form criticism
-Studies genre of text
-Style of text matters for interpretation

8

Source Criticism

-Find source for Bible and writers

9

Julius Wellhausen

-19th century German scholar
-Father of source criticism (documentary hypothesis)
-Prologue to ancient history
*States that Pentateuch is traced as 4 sources, redacted to form biblical sources

10

Anthropomorphic

-Gods have human characteristics

11

Enuma Elish

-Akkadian= language
-Bible written 600 years l8r
-Read during Akitu festival (Babylonian new year, celebrates Marduk)
-Starts w/ Apsu and Tiamat, waters mingle--> Gods and Ea
-Tiamat and Apsu wanna kill their kids (too loud), hire Mummu to kill them, Ea warned by Tiamat, Ea kills Apsu
-Ea and wife--> Marduk
-Tiamat plots revenge, wants to kill all Gods, marries Qingu
-Marduk appointed leader, kills Tiamat violently
-Split her in half (Heavens/sky and earth)
-Makes humans do work for Gods (kill Qingu to make them)

12

Gilgamesh

-One of the oldest texts ever
-Gilgamesh and Enkidu go on adventures, he dies, Gilgamesh wants to bring him back to life

13

Tiamat

-Supreme Goddess in Enuma Elish
-Plots revenge on all gods after her husband is killed
-Marduk kills her, he turns her body into sky and earth

14

Synchronic

-Concerned with something, especially a language, as it exists at one point in time

15

Hermann Gunkel

-Father of form criticism
-Gave us the four sagens

16

Gattung

-German for Genre
-What best describes a piece of writing
-Genre matters when interpreting something

17

Sagens

-"Legends" of Pentateuch or Genesis
-Etiological
-Ethnological
-Etymological
-Ceremonial

18

Ceremonial

-Sagen
-How certain religious rituals became a part of the life of Israel

19

Etiological

-Sagen
-How something came into existence

20

Etymological

-Sagen
-How do words enter our vocab

21

Ethnological

-Sagen
-How nations/ ethnicities came into existence

22

El Shaddai

-Canaan gods
-"God almighty"

23

Primeval History

-Gen 1-11
-Gives us origin stories (etiologies)
-How world began, celestial phenomenon, calendars, origins of life, zoological classifications, human institutions, origins of sickness and death, diversity, life cycle

24

Aqedah

-Gen 22
-Binding of Isaac

25

Antrahasis

-Comparable to Noah's ark and Gilgamesh
-Great flood and creation myth story
-Akkadian epic

26

YHWH

-"I am who am"