Unit Quiz 4 Flashcards Preview

Introduction to the Bible > Unit Quiz 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit Quiz 4 Deck (61):
1

Nineveh

-North of Tirgris river
-Where Jonah delivers prophecies
-Capital of Assyrian empire

2

Samaria

-Capital of northern kingdom of Israel

3

Jersalem

-Capital of southern kingdom of Judah

4

Shalmaneser V

-1st Assyrian king
-Captures Samaria
-Deports all Israelites back to Assyria and Judah during King Hosea's reign

5

Sennacherib

-2nd Assyrian king
-Fought rebellions
-Destroys Babylon
-Invades Judah and sets up army right outside of Jerusalem during King Hezekiah and 1st Isaiah's prophet era

6

Esarhaddon

-3rd Assyrian king
-Vasal treaties of Esarhaddon, basis of Deuteronomy
-Rebuilt Babylon, defeated Scythia and Egypt

7

8th Century BCE prophets

1. Amos
2. Hosea
3. Micah
4. First Isaiah

8

Divisions of Book of Isaiah

-Isa 1-39: Isaiah of Jerusalem/ First Isaiah (8 c BCE)
-Isa 40-55: Isaiah of Babylon/ Second or Deutero- Isaiah (6th c BCE)
-Isa 56-66: Third Isaiah during Persian empire (late 6th--? 5th c BCE)

9

Manasseh

-The epitome of evil Judahite king
-Becomes reason for ultimate demise of Judah

10

Josiah

-Model of Judanhite king
-Does everything God wants
-Book of law= similar to book of Deuteronomy

11

End of Judah through Babylonian Conquest

-March 14th 587 BCE
-Temple destroyed same day 586 BCE

12

Jehoiachin

-End of Judean Monarchy (their last king)
-Deported to Babylon

13

Hoshea

-Last king of Israel

14

F. Rachel Magadelene

-"On the Scales of Justice- Neobabylonian Trial Laws and Book of Job"
-Book of Job reads like a basic trial narrative

15

Neo-Assyrian Empire/Era

-1st Isaiah

16

Edict of Cyrus

-Cyrus the Great
-Monotheism
1. 1st time he claims there is no other God but him
2. He (God) creates weal and woe (good and evil)

17

586 BCE

-Jerusalem and its temple (Judah) destroyed by Babylon

18

70 CE

-2nd Temple of Jerusalem destroyed by a seige (Nero and Romans)

19

Hevel

-"Vanity"
-Something that is hard to grasp= vapor
-Mentioned in Ecclesiates/ Qoheleth

20

Four-Source Hypothesis

-How the synoptic gospels were written
-Mark and Q (Quelle)= independent sources that Luke and Matthew use
-M source= Matthews private source
-L source= Luke's private source

21

Eschatology

-The study of final or last things
-How does the world end?
-How can we be ready when the end comes?

22

Ekklesia

-"Church" in Greek
-Local congregation or assembly

23

Neo-Babylonian Empire/Era

-2nd Isaiah

24

Messiah/Christos

-Peter= first person to confess Jesus is Messiah/Christ

25

538 BCE

-Year Cyrus the Great becomes the new Persian king

26

The Satan

-Job= Satan isn't evil, prosecuting attourney of God's court

27

Cannon

-Defined set of sacred texts
-Each part helps you understand whole

28

Christology

-Who is Jesus, and why doe he matter

29

Parousia

-Christ's Second Coming

30

Theophany

-The visual manifestation of God to humankind

31

Persian Era

-3rd Isaiah
-Late 6th century
-Resetting of Judah/ Yehud

32

Cyrus the Great

-Send Judeans back to homeland
-Gives Judeans instructions and resources to rebuilt temple
-Persian King, also known as Cyrus the Messiah
***1st non-Israelite to be called this
-Edict of Cyrus

33

Gomer

-Prostitute wife of prophet Hosea
-Children= prophetic signs they will be attacked
-Family= metaphor for betrayal

34

Syro-Ephraimite War

-Immanuel will protect Jerusalem
-Between Assyria, Israel, Judah, and Syria (Assyria defeated all)
-Isaiah 7

35

520-515 BCE

-2nd temple of Jerusalem is rebuilt

36

Hellenistic Era

-300-200 BCE
-Began Alexander the Great
-4th century conquers new world
-Brings greek influences into ANE

37

Synoptic Gospels

-See the life of Jesus similiarly (seen together)
-Mark (1st), Matthew (2nd), Luke (3rd)

38

Ecclesiology

-The study of the church
-Who belongs to the community of Jesus' followers, how does one gain membership, and what separates this community from others

39

Gematria

-Numerical significance of letters provide insight to text

40

Theodicy

-How do you explain the existence of evil if God is both all good and all powerful

41

Matthew Bible

-Order of temptations: bread, jump, kingdom
-Magi
-Moses related to Jesus- "Sermon on the mount" (follow Torah)
-"Church"
-Disciples bury John then tell Jesus, Jesus goes on boat by himself
-Carry your cross, the son of man is coming
-Pharisees come to baptism

42

Mark Bible

-No temptations
-John ressurected, put in prison, Johns Head decapitated, disciples bury body and morn death
-Everyone is brother and sister
-"This is my beloved son"

43

Luke Bible

-Order of temptations: Bread, kingdoms, jump
-Devil waits until oppertune time
-Jesus as child (in temple), Simeon and Anna
-Shepards
-John imprisonment b4 baptism, Heaven is opened where Jesus and others are baptized
-"Don't be ashamed"
-Baptism= public event, Jesus prays

44

Luke's Sermon on the Plain

-Blessed are the poor
-Rich=bad
-Jesus= one of us

45

Good Samaritan

-Luke
-Lawyers= negative
-Priest and Levite do not stop to save dying man, Samaritan stops and saves him
-Samaritan= hero, although deemed inferior
-Critiquing religious leaders

46

Prodigal Son

-Luke
-Son (Recipients of Kingdom of God) asks for his inheritance early, spends it all
-Very poor and hungry, returns to father
-Father (God) throws party in his return, older brother= jealous
-God shown as loving Father

47

Lazarus and Rich Man

-Luke
-Lazarus suffered whole life, goes to Bosom of Abraham (Heaven)
-Rich man goes to hell (reversal of fortune)

48

Mark Passion Narrative

-Passover
-Jewish leaders and roman officials responsible for death
-Shorter ending= people fear for lives
-Longer ending= commision of disciples and ascension of Jesus

49

Simon of Cyrene

-Carries Jesus' cross for Jesus
-Sons Alexander and Rufus= proof

50

Matthew Passion Narrative

-Earthquake and souls of dead rising
-Angel at tomb for ressurection
-Conspiracy theory= Disciples stole body
-Trinity
-Teach and Baptize all nations

51

Luke's Passions Narrative

-Satan in Judas' betrayal
-Only asks for cup to pass once, not 3 times
-Centurion declares him innocent
-Comfort women on route
-Grants bandit into kingdom
-"Father, into your hand I commit my spirit"

52

Mors Philosophi

-Noble death of philosopher
-Applied to Jesus' death by Luke

53

Hosea Unique Elements

-Gomer= prostitute wife
-God loves Israel like child (father)

54

1st Isaiah Unique Elements

-Sees angel and God on throne, touches mouth w/ coal
-Syro-Ephramite war
-"Rod of assyria"

55

2nd Isaiah Unique Elements

-Israel didn't get what they deserve
-"Voice of one crying in the wilderness"
-Description similar to Jesus
-Cyrus
-Redemptive suffering

56

3rd Isaiah Unique Elements

-Expands requirements of living in new community
**Confessional and behavioral
-Eunuchs
-No need for temple
-Inaugural sermon
-Rejects sacrificial system

57

Habakkuk

-God's actions reverse creation
-Lawsuit
-Held acountable at time
-"Righteous live by their faith"

58

Jeremiah

-Called out by God at beginning of life
-Resists cuz too young
-God touches him on mouth to purify him
-Deuteronomic Law
-Shiloh
-Exiles should integrate
-Transformation of heart

59

Ezekiel

-Vision of angels, wheels turning, loud
-Bones to flesh
-List of reasons why nation will be destroyed
-Mountain of Olives

60

Job

-Fighting with friends
-Gods long speech on creation (Leviathan, Behemoth)
-Daughters gain inheritance

61

Ecclesiastes

-Hevel (Vanity)
-"Nothing New under the sun"
-Life= cyclical
-No garuntee of afterlife
-"Fear god and obey commandments"