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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (40):
1

For a behavior analyst, engaging in professional behavior that has as its basic purpose “to further the welfare of the client” is otherwise known as practicing ________.

A) All of these are equally true

B) Morally

C) Competently

D) Ethically

Ethically

2

Identify the three basic and fundamental ethical questions related to the practice of behavior analysis.

A) What is the right thing to do? What is worth doing? What does it mean to be a good behavior analyst?

B) Does this problem require the use of Applied Behavior Analysis? Are data necessary in this case? What would Skinner do?

C) Who is the client? Does this person have a behavior problem? Can this person give consent?

D) Do I have the skills to handle this case? Is adequate funding available for effective service delivery? What does it mean to be a good scientist in this case?

What is the right thing to do? What is worth doing? What does it mean to be a good behavior analyst?

3

When evaluating ethical dilemmas, we focus our analysis on the:

X= Actions of the behavior analyst

Y= Consequences of the behavior analyst’s actions

Z= Good intent of the behavior analyst’s actions

X & Y only

4

The Right to Effective Behavioral Treatment states that an individual has a right to which of the following?


X = A therapeutic environment
Y = Behavioral assessment and ongoing evaluation
Z = Programs that teach functional skills

X, Y and Z

5

The Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts sets up a disciplinary system that includes all of the following, except:

A) Reports violations on the BACB.com website, including the name of the violator

B) Assigns complaints to be handled by either a code compliance committee or a disciplinary review committee

C) Divides complaints between “more severe” and “less severe” designations

D) Allows complaints to be filed anonymously, and at any time following the alleged violation

Allows complaints to be filed anonymously, and at any time following the alleged violation

6

Each of the following is a section of the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts, except

  

A) Assessing behavior

B) Behavior analysts’ responsibility to clients

C) Behavior analysts as supervisors

D) Reducing behavior

 

Reducing behavior

7

According to the BACB’s Professional and Ethical Compliance Code, the term “client” applies to:

X = The service recipient

Y = The parent or guardian of the service recipient

Z = The institution, agency, firm or corporation contracting with the behavior analyst

X, Y and Z

8

Behavior analysts base their work on the principles of behavior, use research-backed intervention and assessment procedures, collect and graph objective data and use it to make decisions.  These practices fall under which of the following ethical code elements?

  

A) Professional and scientific relationships

B) Reliance on scientific knowledge

C) Integrity 

D) Boundaries of competence

 

Reliance on scientific knowledge

9

A behavior analyst who lacks experience with a prospective client’s behavioral issues may:

 

A) Read a great deal of literature. This will provide enough technical knowledge to allow them to accept the case.

B) Accept the case as long as their direct supervisor has the necessary experience.

C) Not accept the case. It is never acceptable for a behavior analyst to take a case that is beyond their current demonstrated area of competence.

D) Accept the case only if they have attended workshops and/or presentations relating to the presenting issues.

Accept the case as long as their direct supervisor has the necessary experience.

10

Jack, a behavior analyst with 20-years of experience, has received a referral for an adult with Prader-Willi Syndrome.  Having never worked with this population, Jack rejects the case and refers it to a behavior analyst with the relevant experience. Which of the following ethical Code elements most likely applies to this scenario?

 

A) Environmental Conditions that Interfere with Implementation

B) Multiple Relationships and Conflicts of Interest

C) Boundaries of Competence

D) Assessing behavior

 

Boundaries of Competence

11

Marty graduated from a highly-regarded ABA program 18 years ago.  He continues to work as a behavior analyst but no longer reads any current professional literature. He tells colleagues that such activities are unnecessary since he has “been doing this work for almost 20 years with great success”. He is careful to limit his client-related work to areas in which he has a great deal of experience. About Marty’s professional development, which statement is true?

A) He has an ethical responsibility to continue to read professional literature on recent developments in both effective interventions and conceptual analysis.

B) His certification or licensure should be put under review immediately and revoked as soon as legally feasible. It is unethical to ignore new research.

C) Although it would be best practice to keep up with recent developments in the field, he is not violating any ethical or disciplinary standards.

D) He does not have to read the current literature as shown by his successful practice and the care he takes to limit his work to his area of expertise.

He has an ethical responsibility to continue to read professional literature on recent developments in both effective interventions and conceptual analysis.

12

Alicia has been recently divorced and needs extra income to keep up with her bills. She works full time as a behavior analyst at one agency and independently consults on several cases on the side. She is just barely keeping up with her heavy work schedule. One day, she receives a referral for a new, high profile case.  Long-term funding has been approved for 40-hours of behavior analysis services per week. She has considerable experience with similar cases, and she really wants to take the case. After some soul searching, she accepts the case hoping that her other workload will reduce over the next few weeks. Which guideline, if any, is Alicia violating by taking on this new case?    

A) Integrity

B) There is no violation here; she is taking the case with the understanding that it will be difficult to handle

C) Boundaries of Competence

D) Maintaining Competence through Professional Development

Integrity

13

“Behavior analysts do not knowingly engage in behavior that is harassing or demeaning to persons with whom they interact in their work based on factors such as those persons’ age, gender, race, culture, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, or socioeconomic status, in accordance with law.” Under which element of the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code would you find this statement?

 

A) Professional and Scientific Relationships

B) Maintaining Competence through Professional Development

C) Exploitative Relationships

D) Boundaries of Competence

 

Professional and Scientific Relationships

14

The term, “behavior analyst”, as it appears in the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts, may refer to which of the following individuals?

 

A) All of these individuals are all covered by the term “behavior analyst” in the code

B) An individual who has taken all the necessary courses to become board certified

C) A behavior technician (also known as a Registered Behavior Technician)

D) A professional with a graduate degree in psychology, education, or behavior analysis

All of these

15

Under the definition provided by the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts, “Behavior analytic services are those that are explicitly based on ____ and procedures of behavior analysis, and are designed to change behavior in ____ ways.”

  

A) Principles; measurable

B) Policies; measurable

C) Policies; socially significant

D) Principles; socially significant

 

Principles; socially significant

16

Jenny is a BCaBA who has been working at an early intervention agency for six years. One day, she receives a phone call from her distraught sister telling her that her young nephew has received a diagnosis of autism. What would be the most appropriate way for Jenny to help her sister and nephew?

 

A) Offer her sister behavioral services for free or arrange for a discounted “family” rate at her early intervention program.

B) Offer her sister behavioral services for her regular fee.

C) Tell her sister to look up ABA online (providing any additional help or advice of any kind would be unethical).

D) Provide her sister with a short list of good behavior analysts in the area who specialize in autism.

Provide her sister with a short list of good behavior analysts in the area who specialize in autism.

17

Orlando is a behavior analyst who provides services to school-age children. One of his clients is Jackson, an 11-year old with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Jackson’s father has had difficulty maintaining his family in a rental property due to Jackson’s noisy behavior at night.  As a result, he recently received an eviction notice. Orlando owns a small home that he rents out, which is currently vacant. Out of concern for Jackson’s family, Orlando wants to offer to rent the property to Jackson’s dad for a very low price. Which of the following Compliance Code elements should Orlando take into consideration?

X= Multiple Relationships and Conflicts of Interest

Y= Exploitative Relationships

Z= Boundaries of Competence

  

A) Y and Z only

B) X, Y, and Z

C) X and Y only

D) X and Z only

 

X & Y only

18

Dan has been supervising Elizabeth for a couple of weeks. At the end of two consecutive sessions, Elizabeth asks Dan if he would like to go out with her for drinks after work. What would be the most appropriate course of action for Dan?

 

A) Report this incident to the board, tell her he did so, and continue working as her supervisor

B) Tell Elizabeth that this would probably not be appropriate and suggest she may want to seek supervision from another BCBA

C) Tell her that he will go out with her only if they go with a group of friends “to make sure it is not a date”.

D) Accept Elizabeth’s invitation since this would be a good opportunity to get to know her better as a supervisee

Tell Elizabeth that this would probably not be appropriate and suggest she may want to seek supervision from another BCBA

19

Jordan is completing his supervision requirements to sit for his BCaBA Exam. His supervisor, Michelle tells him that she is going to be out of town for three days attending a conference. She asks him to dog-sit for her two retrievers during her time away. Michelle’s request could be considered problematic as a potential violation of the _____ code element.

  

A) None: this is not a potential violation of the code

B) Exploitative relationship

C) Boundaries of competence

D) Reliance on scientific knowledge

 

Exploitative relationship

20

Christina is a BCBA who likes to go out and try different restaurants around town during the weekends. One time, she was eating at a new restaurant when she realized the owner is the mother of one of her clients and is offering the meal free of charge. What would be the most appropriate course of action in this case?

 

A) Accept the free meal with thanks and keep her promise to promote the Mom’s restaurant.

B) Decline the free meal. If the mom insists, thank her again but let her know that she may not accept any gifts from clients.

C) Accept the free meal with thanks but never come back to this restaurant.

D) Decline the free meal gracefully, and never come back to this restaurant.

Decline the free meal. If the mom insists, thank her again but let her know that she may not accept any gifts from clients.

21

The phrase, “Personal and professional practices that are conducted for the principal purpose to further the welfare of the client” is directly related to which of the following areas?

  

A) The law

B) All of these  

C) Ethics

D) Integrity

Ethics

22

Each of the following questions is considered basic and fundamental to the ethical practice of behavior analysis, except:

  

A) What is the right thing to do?

B) What is worth doing?

C) What does it mean to be a good behavior analyst?

D) What is the distinction between ethical and legal?

What is the distinction between ethical and legal?

23

To evaluate ethical dilemmas, it is important to analyze both the   X   and the   Y   of any proposed “ethical behavior”.

 

X = Actions Y = Consequences

X = Cause Y = Effect

X = Intent Y = Outcome

X = Antecedents Y = Consequences

X = Actions Y = Consequences

24

All of the following documents are relevant to the ethical practice of ABA, except:

 

A) None; all of these documents are relevant to the Ethical Code for Behavior Analysts

B) Students’ Rights to Effective Education (1990)

C) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2002)

D) Right to Effective Behavioral Treatment (1989)

 

None; all are relevant

25

All of the following are code elements in the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts, except

 

A) Behavior analysts as teachers

B) Behavior analysts as supervisors

C) Behavior analysts’ responsibility to clients

D) Responsible conduct of behavior analysts

Behavior analysts as teachers

26

A behavior analyst must do all of the following activities to show a reliance on scientific knowledge, except:

  

A) Collect and graph objective data

B) Maintain consumer confidentiality

C) Use research-backed interventions and assessments

D) Base interventions on the principles of behavior

Maintain consumer confidentiality

27

Which would not fall under Code element “1.0 Responsible Conduct of Behavior Analysts”?

A) Maintaining Confidentiality

B) Maintaining Competence through Professional Development

C) Integrity

D) Reliance on Scientific Knowledge

Maintaining confidentiality

28

Which of the following is one of the 10 sections listed in the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts?

 

A) Assessing behavior

B) Increasing behavior

C) Reducing behavior

D) Ethical behavior

Assessing behavior

29

Natasha is 29-years old, has been diagnosed with an intellectual disability, and has a 3- year old son. A neighbor filed an allegation that Natasha was neglecting her child. This resulted in Natasha being court-ordered to complete a 6-week Positive Parentingcourse and attend weekly counseling sessions with a mental health counselor. Natasha has missed two classes and two counseling appointments. The department of Child Protective Services is now threatening to remove Natasha’s child from her care. To avoid this, she would have to attend her weekly sessions and reliably show Positive Parenting skills. The agency has requested services from a behavior analyst to assist Natasha in meeting her goals. BCBA Rob receives the referral. His primary experience is working with adult males in community-based group homes. At a minimum, what must Bob do to even consider taking this case?

 

A) Read a variety of books, including The Power of Positive Parenting and What to Expect When You’re Expecting.

B) Take the 6-week Positive Parenting course, as well as the related “train the trainer” course so he may act as an instructor.

C) Get supervision from a BCBA who is familiar with Positive Parenting and has worked with mothers with intellectual delays.

D) Meet with the mental health counselor and come up with a court-ordered plan of treatment.

Get supervision from a BCBA who is familiar with Positive Parenting and has worked with mothers with intellectual delays.

30

Attending conferences and conventions, reading peer reviewed literature, and participating in workshops are all activities that directly relate to which of the following Compliance Code elements?

 

A) Maintaining Competence through Professional Development

B) Responsible Conduct of Behavior Analysts

C) Boundaries of Competence

D) Reliance on Scientific Knowledge

Maintaining Competence through Professional Development

31

Todd got his Master’s in ABA 8 years ago and has been successfully practicing ever since.  However, citing the time requirements of his job, he has not engaged in any professional development activities.  Christy, his colleague, is concerned.  She has attended an ethics workshop that featured a scenario that reminded her of Todd’s failure to remain current with recent developments in the field.  What should she do?

  

A) Report Todd to the BACB immediately for ethics violations.

B) Nothing. It is not her concern what a colleague does. What’s important is that she continues her own professional development.

C) No action is required. After all, Todd had been practicing successfully for 8 years.

D) Encourage Todd to read the literature, attend workshops and conferences, and incorporate new developments in the field into his practice.

Encourage Todd to read the literature, attend workshops and conferences, and incorporate new developments in the field into his practice.

32

Sandy has an excellent reputation as a behavior analyst in her district. She receives many referrals from multiple agencies. Although she now has a large caseload, a number of new well-funded referrals convince her to take on some additional cases. Soon, she begins missing scheduled treatment appointments. She has also begun to submit monthly documentation a little late. Which Code element is Sandy most clearly violating?

  

A) Exploitative Relation

B) Integrity

C) Maintaining Competence through Professional Development

D) Boundaries of Competence

Integrity

33

“When behavior analysts provide behavior-analytic services, they use language that is fully understandable to the recipient of those services while remaining conceptually systematic with the profession of behavior analysis. They provide appropriate information prior to service delivery about the nature of such services and appropriate information later about results and conclusions.” To which Code element does this statement relate?

  

A) Exploitative relationships

B) Integrity

C) Multiple relationships and conflicts of interest

D) Professional and scientific relationships

Professional and scientific relationships

34

In the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts, the term “behavior analyst” may refer to all the following individuals, except:

  

A) A coordinator of a BACB Verified Course Sequence

B) A Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst

C) An individual authorized by the BACB to provide supervision

D) A Ph.D. level psychologist or psychiatrist trained in human behavior

A Ph.D. level psychologist or psychiatrist trained in human behavior

35

Behavior analytic services include all of the following except:

  

A) Providing treatment to clients

B) Publishing in a scholarly journal

C) Performing a functional assessment

D) Supervising other behavior analysts

Publishing in a scholarly journal

36

Amy provides services to a little boy with developmental disabilities during school hours. She observes that he does not know how to eat with a fork and a knife during lunch. She immediately adds a program to work on this skill. Later, the little boy’s mother explains to Amy that in his culture eating with their hands is considered acceptable.  Amy tells the mom that this is not appropriate and not hygienic, and that he really must learn to use utensils to eat. Which Code element is Amy most likely violating in this scenario?

  

A) Boundaries of competence

B) Professional and Scientific Relationships

C) Exploitative Relationships

D) Multiple relationships and conflicts of interest

Professional and Scientific Relationships

37

“Behavior analysts do not exploit persons over whom they have supervisory, evaluative, or other authority such as students, supervisees, employees, research participants, and clients.” In which Code element is this statement found?

  

A) Rights and Prerogatives of Clients

B) Exploitative Relationships

C) Integrity

D) Multiple Relationships and Conflicts of Interest

Exploitative Relationships

38

Dan has been supervising Elizabeth for a couple of weeks. During each of the last two sessions, Elizabeth has asked Dan if he would like to go out and get some drinks with her after work. Dan agrees to meet her at a popular bar downtown.  Which of the following Code elements would be least likely to pertain to this situation?

  

A) Professional and Scientific Relationships

B) Exploitative Relationships

C) Disclosures

D) Multiple Relationships and Conflicts of Interest

Disclosures

39

John is a BCBA who is providing supervision to Kristin.  John designs t-shirts and wears them on some occasions. One day, Kristin tells John that her co-workers and friends are interested in purchasing some of his t-shirts. Then Kristin proposes to set up a partnership with him, in which she will promote his t-shirts and receive a sales commission. What would be the most appropriate course of action for John?

 

A) Accept this partnership with Kristin since it sounds like a good business opportunity

B) Do not sign Kristin’s supervision form because she is behaving unethically

C) Tell Kristin that he is not able to form a partnership with her because this could compromise their supervisor-supervisee relationship

D) Stop supervising Kristin and refer her to a different BCBA

Tell Kristin that he is not able to form a partnership with her because this could compromise their supervisor-supervisee relationship

40

Christina is a BCBA who likes to go out and try different restaurants around town during the weekends. One time, she was eating at a new restaurant when she recognized the owner as the mother of one of her clients. The owner came over and offered the meal to Christina free of charge. Christina accepted the meal and promised to recommend the restaurant to her friends and family. What Code element does Christina appear to have violated by accepting this meal?

  

A) Referrals and Fees

B) Environmental Conditions that Interfere with Implementation

C) Disclosures 

D) Exploitative Relationships

 

Exploitative relationships