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Flashcards in unit 1 Deck (35)
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1

a member of a group that has no permanent home. wandering from place to place in search of food and water

nomad

2

a period in human history, beginning around 3000 b.c. in some areas, during which people began using bronze, rather than copper or stone, to fashion tools and weapons

bronze age

3

the development of skills in a particular kind of work, such as trading or record keeping

specialization

4

a pre-historic period that lasted from about 2,500,000 to 8000 B.C., during which people made use of crude stone tools and weapons- also called the old stone age

Paleolithic age

5

a form of trade in which people exchange goods and services without the use of money

barter

6

one of the professional record keepers in early civilizations

scribe

7

a skilled worker, such as a weaver or potter, who makes goods by hand

artisan

8

a farming method in which people clear fields by cutting trees and burning trees and grasses, the ashes of which serve to fertilize the soil

slash and burn method

9

A member of a biological group including human beings and related species that walk upright.

hominid

10

A form of culture characterized by cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology.

civilization

11

A human-made object, such as a tool, weapon, or piece of jewelry.

artifact

12

A prehistoric period that began about 8000 B.C. and in some areas ended as early as 3000 B.C., during which people learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, and raise animals - also called the New Stone Age

neolithic age

13


The way in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs.

Technology

14


The biological species to which modern human beings belong.

Homo Sapiens

15


A long-lasting pattern of organization in a community.

Institution

16


One of the professional record keepers in early civilizations

Scribe

17


A tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple.

Ziggurat

18


A people's unique way of life, as shown by its tools, customs, arts, and ideas.

culture

19


A member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant food

Hunter-Gatherer

20


The taming of animals for human use.

Domestication

21


A system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians.

Cuneiform

22

first civilization?

Ur

23

a crescent shaped, very fertile land due to flooding creating silt

fertile crescent

24

a piece of land between the Tigris and Euphrates river

Mesopotamia

25

functions like an independent country, but is a city

city-state

26

a series of rulers from a single family

dynasty

27

when an idea or product spreads from one culture to another

cultural diffusion

28

the belief in more than one god

polytheism

29

brings together many nations, people, and city-states

empire

30

the Babylonian empires most famous ruler (made a whole bunch of laws)

Hammurabi

31

when the government is ruled by religious belief

theocracy

32


* ancient writing system in Mesopotamia with wedge shaped characters
* written in clay tablets
* used by Sumerians for trade purpose

cuneiform

33


ancient writing system in Egypt

hieroglyphics

34


plant grown on the banks of the Nile that was made into paper in ancient Egypt

papyrus

35


* the division of Hindus into four main categories
* people were divided by race
* created by the Aryans

caste system