Unit 1 (Chapter 1-5) Flashcards Preview

Health and Human Development 101 > Unit 1 (Chapter 1-5) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1 (Chapter 1-5) Deck (33):
1

abstract thought

a complex thought process where ideas are the focus rather than tangible objects

2

adolescent growth spurt

a period of rapid physical growth experienced during puberty

3

biological determinants

factors relating to the body that affect health (e.g. genetics,
hormones, body weight)

4

body mass index (BMI)

a measure of body mass to height, used to ascertain overweight
and obesity levels

5

complexity

the quality of being intricate or complex

6

concrete thought

a simple thought process that centers on objects and the physical
environment

7

determinants of health

factors that raise or lower the level of health in a population or
individual. Determinants of health help to explain or predict trends in health and why some
groups have better or worse health than others (AIHW, 2006).

8

developmental milestone

a significant skill or event occurring in a person’s life: for
example, learning to walk, getting a job or having children

9

ejaculation

the process whereby semen is ejected from a male’s penis

10

embryo

a developing human from around the second week of pregnancy until the end of
the eighth week

11

emotional development

the development of the full range of emotions and the optimal
way of dealing with and expressing them

12

fertilisation

the point in time when the sperm fertilises the egg, the genetic material fuses
and development begins

13

fine motor skills

the manipulation and coordination of small muscle groups such as those
in the hands

14

genetic potential

the genetic capabilities and limitations of an individual’s genetic make-up

15

gross motor skills

the manipulation and coordination of large muscle groups such as
those in the arms and legs

16

hormone

a chemical messenger that results in changes in the body

17

individual human development

the series of orderly, predictable changes that occur
from conception until death. Development can be physical, social, emotional or intellectual

18

intellectual development

the development of processes in the brain such as thought,
knowledge and memory

19

menarch

the first occurrence of menstruation in females

20

menstruation

the discharge of blood and other tissue from the uterus that marks the
beginning of the menstrual cycle

21

metabolism

the sum of all chemical reactions in the body. It allows body structures to
carry out their functions

22

nutrient dense

describes foods that contain a large amount of nutrients such as vitamins
and minerals

23

period

the discharge of blood and other tissue from the uterus that marks the
beginning of the menstrual cycle

24

physical development

changes to the body and its systems. These can be changes in size
(i.e. growth), complexity (e.g. the increase in complexity of the nervous system) and motor
skills (e.g. learning to walk).

25

primary sex characteristics

primary sex characteristics

26

puberty

biological changes that occur during youth and prepare the individual for sexual
reproduction

27

rite of passage

a cultural event or ceremony that signifies an achievement in a person’s
development

28

secondary sex characteristics

traits arising from changes in both males and females at
puberty. They are neither directly related to reproduction nor present at birth.

29

semen

substance containing sperm and fluids that is released from the penis during
ejaculation

30

social development

the increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relationships
with other people (VCAA)

31

sperm

a component of semen. Sperm are the male sex cells required for reproduction.

32

spermarche

relating to the first ejaculation in males

33

youth

12 to 18 years of age; however, it should be acknowledged that classifications for
the stage of youth can differ across agencies (VCAA)