Unit 1. Chapter 2 - Scots in the Western Front Flashcards Preview

Higher History > Unit 1. Chapter 2 - Scots in the Western Front > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1. Chapter 2 - Scots in the Western Front Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

What did the men think when they signed up for the war?

That it would be over by Christmas
A steady wage
Didn't want to miss an opportunity
Peer pressure

2

What is the pal battalion?

Men who volunteered with their pals

3

What age did the government call for?

19-30 then 3 weeks later 19-35

4

How many men had enlisted by the end of August?

20,000

5

Battle of Loos 1915
What went wrong?

It was a battle of firsts:
-men were not ready to fight
-gas
-tanks
21,000 dead
Flat landscape

6

Haig
How was he a hero?

He led the army to victory
20,000 came to support him in Edinburgh
Broke deadlock on western front
Won 9 battles

7

Haig
Villian?

Stubborn
Led thousands to their death
Battles too long

8

Trench warfare
What happened to the soldiers?

Boredom
Lice
Rats
Disease
Let's home censored

9

What was wrong with the battle of the Somme in 1916?

The Germans had better trenches
60,000 casualties on the first day
420,000 casualties in total
No break through - it slowly faded out

10

Outbreak of the war
When did Britain join the war?

14th of August 1914

11

Outbreak of the war
When did Britain join the war?

14th of August 1914

12

What was the British army 1914

They were a volunteer Army

13

How many men were in the BEF?
And how many were dead by 1914

100,000 at the start and 90,000 were killed by the end of 1914

14

How many men from Glasgow joined the war by the first weekend of it ?

60,000

15

How many scots were there by the end of the war

557,000

16

What is the total percentage of the casualty rate for the total of Scotland and for the British army

26% for Scotland
11% for British Army

17

What is the pals battalion?

It's when men joined together with his friends and this meant they served together and also died together

18

Who was the McCrae's battalion?

16th Royal Scots

13 hearts players + staff + 600 supporters

19

How many miles was the western front?

400 miles

20

What kind of conditions did the men face in the western front?

Rats, lice, mud, weather, Montonous diet.

21

What were the trench weapons?

Artillery guns
Machine guns
Rifles/boyonets
Gas attacks
Snipers
Grenades