What is the Marcan Hypothesis
That Mark is the primary source for Luke and Matthew.
What are the Five Vertical Zones?
Coastal Plain Shephelah Central Mountain Range Syrian – African (Jordan) Rift Eastern Plateau
What are the Five Horizontal Zones?
Above (Upper) Galilee (wet / inaccessible) Beside (Lower) Galilee (Jesus’ home) Carmel and Jezreel (Baal) Negev (South / dry) – Below Dead Sea Desert (Wilderness ) - Peninsula
How did Matthew view Jesus?
Messiah: fulfillment of OT prophecy, interprets OT law, confrontation with Pharisees
Teacher: Sermon on the Mt, instructrions, Kingdom Parables
King: The Davidic Monarch taking Israel.
What was the synagogue system?
Mishnah Teachings: Education of the Torah was Essential- Knowing it and doing it.
Priority of parents.
Schools existed 9memorization)
Attend the Temple at the Great Festivals.
At manhood, all the Torah was followed.
Synagogues were places of teaching.
- Mishnah Teachings: Education of the Torah was essential – knowing it and doing it.
- Priority of parents (Dt 6:4-8)
- Schools existed (memorization)
- Attend the Temple at the Great Festivals
- At manhood, all the Torah was followed
- Synagogues were places of teaching
Who were the groups of players in Jesus time?
- Pharisees- rabbinical lawyers
- Sadducees- Priests that claimed they were from the David priest Zaddock.
- Essenes- Lived in the Qumran community, by the Dead Sea. Writers of the dead sea scroll.
- Zealots- wanted to free Israel through military conflict.
is a Greek word meaning “proclamation”. The Greek word κηρύσσω, (kerusso) means “herald,” or one who proclaims. And thus the Kerygma is what is proclaimed.
Know some of Jesus’ parables.
The Parable of the Sower: Farmer (Jesus) spreads seed (word) on good ground (receive it), stony ground (shallow reception), thorns (allow cares), and birds.
The Parables of the Weeds The Parable of the Mustard Seed The Parable of the Yeast The Parable of the Treasure The Parable of the Pearl The Parable of the Net
In the parable of the sower the seed that falls on the rocky ground represents what?
represent those who hear the word, but only accept it shallowly
According to Matthew 6 what lesson did Jesus refer to the birds of the air and the flowers of the field?
Key Words and Phrases
Kingdom of Heaven: parables of the Kingdom, keys to the Kingdom, the Son of man coming in His kingdom
Authority: teaches as one having authority, the centurion recognizes authority
Fruit: J the B- non-producers get cut down, Jesus says good fruit from good tress and it is known by its fruit, the fig tree is cursed,
Matthew: When and Why
When: most likely written in 65-70
Why: “to reintroduce Jesus to the Jews and to show that he was truly what he claimed to be, the Messiah, King of Israel. He pointed to the future when Jesus would return to the earth and set up his Kingdom and realize all the promises made to the patriarchs and Israel. Until that time, Jesus’ followers should give themselves to making and baptizing disciples and teaching them the things that Jesus taught”
What is source criticism?
attempting to discern the sources used to create a biblical text
List important bodies of water.
The Sea of Galilee
The Jordan River
The Dead Sea
What is the diaspora?
Jews scattered to other nations due to the exiles.