Unit 1 SAC 2 Flashcards Preview

health and human development > Unit 1 SAC 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1 SAC 2 Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

WHO definition of health

a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

2

wellbeing definition

the absence of physical illness, disease and mental distress.

3

physical health definition
+ an example

relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness (VCAA) example- being at an healthy body weight.

4

social health definition + an example

'being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way' example- healthy family relationship

5

mental health definition + an example

State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.’ (WHO, 2009) example- stress

6

mortality

refers to death in a population

7

morbidity

refers to ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group (AIHW, 2008)

8

DALY

disability adjusted life year. a measure of burden of disease. One DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury (VCAA).

9

YLL

(years of life lost)

10

YLD

(years lost due to disability) a measure of how many ‘healthy’ years of life are lost due to illness, injury or disability

11

prevalence

the number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time (AIHW, 2008)

12

incidence

refers to the number (or rate) of new cases of a disease/condition in a population during a given period

13

life expectancy

an indication of how long a person can expect to live; it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change (AIHW, 2008)

14

burden of disease

a measure of the impact of diseases and injuries; speci cally it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY (VCAA).

15

what are the Who health limitations?

-broad definition
-it doesn't give everyone the opportunity to be healthy.
-trying to achieve complete wellbeing in one dimension is difficult
-good health is unattainable for most people

16

what is health status

an individuals or a populations overall health

17

how do we measure health status

life expectancy, amount of disability, levels of disease

18

how to you figure out a yll

take away the age they died from the life expectancy of that gender

19

one yld is equal too?

one healthy year of life lost due to time lived with illness

20

how do you measure a daly?

yll+yld