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Flashcards in Unit 1 SAC 1 Deck (64)
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what does pies stand for

physical, intellectual, emotional, social


4 key points to development

1-occurs in a predictable and orderly way
2-development is continual
3-there are individual variation in the rate and timing of development
4-deveopment follows predictable patterns


what is cephalocaudal development?

the development of your body from head to toe.


what is proximodistal development?

development that refers to the inside of your body to the out


what are the three points to physical development? plus examples to each

1-growth- people getting bigger
2-change to body systems- increase in complexity of the brain.
3-motor skill development (fine and gross)


what are the two motor skill developments and an example of each?

1-fine motor skills- writing, cutting with scissors (small movements)
2-gross motor skills- running, throwing a ball, riding a bike. (big movements)


what does increase in complexity mean?

becoming more complicated and advanced. (helping you reach physical peak) examples, replacing baby teeth with adult teeth, hardening of bones and changes the way the sex organs work.


what is the difference between growth and development?

growth represents size, growth or organs, whereas development means when something changes (through age or new experience) e.g. brain deveopment.


social development 5 key ideas.

1-behaviours, e.g. being considerate.
2-social roles, e.g. son or daughter
3-values and beliefs, e.g. valuing honesty or compassion to others less fortunate
4- communication skills, e.g. written and oral communication
5- relationship skills, e.g. conflict, resolution and open communication


how can peers change your social development?

choice of clothing
styles of music
activities they participate in
make bad choices like- smoking and alcohol
making good choices- mannerisms, vocabulary or inspiration.


emotional development 4 key aspects are

1-self concept- how you see yourself
2- management of emotions- the ability to control emotions in an appropriate manner
3-expression of emotions-the ability to express emotions in an appropriate manner
4- awareness of emotions- the ability to recognise emotions experienced.


intellectual development, 7 key aspects..

attention, knowledge, language, memory, thought pattern (abstract and concrete), creativity and imagination, problem solving.


what is the difference between concrete and abstract thought?

concrete thought relates to physical things you see, whereas abstract thought is being able to think about concepts and ideas.


what is the difference between self esteem and self concept?

self esteem relates to how someone feel about themselves. whereas self concept is related to how someone sees themselves.


what is an interrelationship?

the way that two or more things compare relate to each other. for example, in an everyday situation, how all four aspects of development In youth may connect and come into play for that certain situation.


characteristics of puberty are triggered by?



when does the adolescent growth spurt occur for girls

10-13 years old


when does the adolescent growth spurt occur for boys



what does spermarche mean?

first ejaculation


what is menstruation?

a girls period. The shedding of a woman's utterers once a cycle.


what is a menarche?

a girls very first period


what is a menstrual cycle?

the process of ovulation and menstruation in women and other female primates.


what is puberty?

the time of significant changes to an individuals body, in terms of skeletal and sexual maturation.


what are hormones?

a chemical substance produced by the body that acts to regulate and control body processes, including physical growth and development.


what is the endocrine systems?

a body system that is made up of glands that release hormones to control body functions.


what are gonads?

a gland in the body that produces sex cells.


what are ovaries?

small organ that stores eggs until they have matured. Releases ovum for the menstrual cycle, produces oestrogen and progesterone.


What are testes?

oval shaped organ that produces sperm and the male hormone testosterone.


what is oestrogen?

female sex hormone produced by the ovaries which controls body changes during puberty and during the menstrual cycle.


what is progesterone?

female sex hormone produced by the ovaries which controls body changes during puberty and during the menstrual cycle.