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Flashcards in Unit 1 Vocab Deck (64)
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1

What were small charmsmeant to protect the bearer from evil that reflects religious practices?

Where were they found?

Amulet

Mesopotamia and Egypt

2

What was the largest and most important city in Mesopotamia that was ruled Amorite King Hammurabi in the 18th century BCE?

Babylon

3

What was the first metal was primarily used in many places around the world?

What was it made of?

What was the age where it was used called?

Bronze

Copper and tin (or arsenic)

Bronze Age

4

What was a small independent state with an urban center surrounded by agricultural land called?

Where were they used?

City-State

Mesopotamia, Archaic and Classical Greece, Phoenicia, early Italy

5

What is an ambiguous term often used to describe more complex societies but is also used to describe a group of people sharing a set of cultural traits?

Civilization

6

What was the change from food gathering to food production?

When was it?

Agricultural Revolution/Neolithic Revolution

8000-2000 BCE

7

Define culture.

Socially transmitted patters of action and expression

8

What was the writing system that used wedged symbols to represent words or syllables and was later adapted to represent other languages in Western Asia?

Who used it?

Cuniform

Summarians and Akkadians

9

People who support themselves by hunting animals and gathering edible plants and insects

Foragers

10

Who was the Amorite ruler of Babylon who made a the first code of laws?

When did he rule?

Hammurabi

1792-1750 BCE

11

What was the site of one of the great cities in the Indus Valley civilization in the third millennium BCE that was was located in the northwest frontier of the zone of cultivation?

What is the modern country it is in?

Harappa

Pakistan

12

What were Hieroglyphics?

Writing system that used pictorial symbols to represent sounds, syllables, and concepts in Egypt.

13

The study of past events in the development, transmission, and transformation of cultural practices.

History

14

What is the Holocene?

The geologic era since the end of the Great Ice Age about 13,000 years ago

15

The Egyptian term for the concept of divinely created or maintained order in the universe. The divine ruler was the earthly guarantor of this order.

Ma'at

16

What were Megaliths?

Structures and complexes of very large stones used to ceremonial or religious purposes in Neolithic Times.

17

What was the capital of the old kingdom of Egypt near the head of the Nile River delta.

What was built there to be tombs?

Memphis

The Pyramids

18

What was Mohenjo-Daro?

Largest city in the Indus Valley located in the floodplain of the Indus River.

19

What is a body preserved by chemical processes or special natural circumstances called?

Why was process usually undertaken?

Mummy

It was believed the dead would need it again in the afterlife.

20

What is the Neolithic age?

Neo-new
Lithic-stone

The period in the Stone Age usually associated with the agricultural revolutions.

21

What is the Paleolithic age?

Paleo-old
Lithic-stone

Period in the Stone Age usually associated with the evolution of humans.

22

What is papyrus?

Where did it grow?

What was it used for?

A reed that grows on the Nile

Egypt

Making paper

23

What was the Pharaoh?

Central figure (or Ruler) in ancient Egypt. They were thought to be an earthly manifestation of the gods.
He/she had absolute power

24

What were large triangular stone monuments used as tombs for Kings?

Why were they built?

Pyramids

They thought spectacular burial of the divine ruler would guarantee continued prosperity.

25

Professional position for men who went through training to become literate using early writing systems.

Scribe

26

What is a family of similar language spoken across wester Asia?

What languages does it include?

Semitic

Hebrew, Aramaic, Phoenician, and the most widespread: Arabic.

27

What was the Stone Age?

A historical period categorized by the making of stone (and other non-metallic material) tools

28

Who were the Summarians?

Dominated southern Mesopotamia in the end of the third millennium BCE

29

What was the capital of Egypt in the Middle and New kingdoms.

Where were monarchs buried here?

Thebes

Across the river in the Valley of Kings

30

What were large pyramidal stepped towers associated with religious complexes in Mesopotamia?

What were their functions?

Ziggurats

Their function was unknown