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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (57):
0

First Colonial leader who suggested unifying the colonies

Benjamin Franklin

1

He wrote "Common Sense" to promote independence

Thomas Paine

2

This English leader established Pennsylvania

William Penn

3

Location for the harsh winter quarters for colonial troops

Valley Forge

4

This European nation was responsible for helping the colonies win

France

5

Known as the shots heard around the world

Battle of Lexington and Concord

6

Commonly used by colonists to describe British troops

Lobster backs or red coats

7

The creation of three branches of government was based on what ideology of Montesquieu

Checks and balances

8

"I don't agree with a word you say, but I will fight to the death for your right to say it"

Beccaria

9

"No one ought harm another's right to life, liberty, and property"

John Locke

10

A 1787 law to organize the lands in the Ohio River Valley for issuance

Northwest Ordinance

11

During French and Indian War, this British General was killed leading an expedition against the French

General Braddock

12

In 1810, this Native American chief tried to lead a rebellion against settlers in the Ohio region

Tecumseh

13

Commonly known as the British French Colonial Wars, they were actually 3 different conflicts

King Williams war
Queen Anne's war
king George's war

14

During the A,Erica. revolution the British hired these German mercenaries

Hessians

15

This is the name given to Benjamin Franklins first attempt at unifying the colonies (during French and Indian war)

Albany Conference

16

This is the name given to the trail blazed by Brigham Young and his followers

Mormon Trail

17

Which enlightened philosopher eluded the ideals if the separation of powers

Montesquieu

18

This female activist promoted reforms for prison and the insane

Dorothea Dix

19

This is the nickname given to the workers of Massachusetts largest textile mill

Lowd girls

20

This is the traditional name given to the treaty with Spain granting the U.S. Rights to navigate the Mississippi

Pinckney's Treaty

21

"Sovereignty for the same reason that makes it inalienable in indivisible"

Jean Jacque Rosseau

22

This is the name taken on by colonial organizations organized to coordinate resistance efforts

Committees of correspondence

23

Who is the famous writer that said that among these rights are the life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

Thomas Jefferson

24

I order to correct the Articles of Confederation, this constitutional proposal gave more power to large states

Virginia Plan

25

In order to correct, the Article of Confederation, this constitutional proposal gave more power to smaller states

New Jersey Plan

26

This populate phrase was used to promote women's feminists and responsibility as a moral compass to their family

Cult of domesticity

27

This considered the turning point of the American revolution

Battle of Saratoga

28

This American poet wrote a poem that would eventually become the Star-Spangled Banner

Francis Scott Key

29

California's liberators under general Fremint actually dubbed the territory this name

Bear Flag Republic

30

A series of papers written in support of a strong central government

The Fedralists

31

This Virginia politician and patriot said give me liberty or give me death

Patrick Henry

32

He was the governor of Virginia who sent Washington against the French

Robert dinweity

33

This is the name if the fort built by Washington's troops in southwest Pennsylvania

Fort Necessity

34

The designer and builder of the first steam locomotive known as Tom Thumb

Peter Cooper

35

Following the peace treaty that ended the French and Indian war, this Native American chief led the Ottawa tribe against the British

Pontiac

36

Name given the parliamentary decree of reaffirming their power over the colonies

Declaratory Act

37

Lymon Beecher created the first organization to promote this movement

Temperance

38

The creation of this caused a great debate between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

National Bank

39

He was the colonial organizer and the leader of the sons of liberty

Samuel Adams

40

Special search warrants issued to British colonial officials

Writs of assistance

41

Name two primary Indian tribes that allied with the French during the French and Indian war

Algonquian and Hueron

42

The largest Native American confederation allied with the british

Iroquois

43

This was the region, claimed by bother France and Britain that caused conflict

Ohio River Valley

44

The Virginia militia officer was sent to persuade the French to leave the Ohio River Valley

George Washington

45

This major conflict lasted from 1754/1763

French and Indian War

46

This is the name given tot the harsh laws passed. Y the British to punish the people of Boston

Intolerable Acts

47

These were the parliamentary laws that restricted trade and shipping

Navigation acts

48

This British law was passed for taxing all paper goods and products

Stamp Act

49

This British law concerning housing British troops

Quartering act

50

This key event was used as colonial propaganda for the revolution

Boston Massacre

51

Secret colonial organization created to resists British policies

Sons of Liberty

52

Main event that was a colonial protest against the taxes on tea

Boston Tea Party

53

This major opposition occurred over Hamiltons new tax

Whiskey rebellion

54

President Washington's first official accomplishment

Creating a cabinet

55

Signed in 1776

Declaration of Independence

56

This is the. I dont know name given to the event when French officials tried to bribe Americans

XYZ Affair