Unit 2 (Instrumental Music) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 (Instrumental Music) Deck (11)
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1

concerto

- a multi-movement work for soloist(s) and orchestra
- showcases virtuosity of soloist(s)

2

cadenza

- a solo passage heard in a concerto, aria, or any large orchestral work
- often virtuosic in nature
- suggests an improvised style
- usually written out by the composer

3

double stopping

- a string-instrument technique
- 2 parts are produced by playing on 2 strings simultaneously

4

pedal point

- a sustained note over which harmonies change

5

sonata form

- formal structure often used in first movement of sonata cycle
- consists of Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation

6

etude

- French for "study"
- solo instrumental work intended to develop technical facility
- focuses on one or more specific technical challenges

7

thematic transformation

- a basic theme is repeated throughout a work in different guises
- the theme may be changed rhythmically, melodically or harmonically
- unlike a "variation", the transformed time takes on a new identity in a new context

8

program music

- instrumental music with extra-musical associations
- descriptive title identifies the connection

9

symphonic poem (tone poem)

- one of the most popular forms of orchestral program music
- single movement work, generally in free form, with literary or pictorial associations
- invented by Franz Liszt

10

nationalism (in music)

- important element of 19th-century music
- patriotism expressed through music
- influence of folk song and dance, myths and legends, landscapes, historical events

11

concert overture

- a single movement orchestral work with literary or pictorial associations
- usually in sonata form
- independent concert work