Unit 2: Speech processes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2: Speech processes Deck (5)
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1

What is encoding?

Producing language, production of a message.

2

What is decoding?

The mental way we understand and decode language. Requires understanding of language and topic, genre and context.

3

What is the definition of Bottom up vs Top down?

BU: Take the words that you see or hear and use that information to build up meaning.

TD: Draw upon your knowledge of our idea of the world to make sense.

4

What is the definition of Garden Path? Give an example.

Interpreting something one way, realise you were wrong, interpret another way.

Example: “the old man the boat”

5

Name some speech errors and what they mean:

Exchange: 2 elements swap positions
Anticipation: Sound from later is used earlier.
Preservation: A sound from earlier is used later.
Substitution: Substituting a different word, either phonological or semantic
Blending: Blend 2 words to make a nonsense word.
Metathesis: 2 sounds swap positions.