Unit 2 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Vocab Deck (21)
1
Q

Demographics

A

the scientific study of population characteristics

2
Q

Crude Birth Rate

A

the number of live births per year per 1,000 people

3
Q

Total Fertility Rate

A

the number of live births per woman throughout her lifetime

4
Q

Crude Death Rate

A

the number of deaths per year per 1,000 people

5
Q

NIR

A

the percentage by which a population grows in a year

6
Q

Infant Mortality Rate

A

the number of deaths below 1 year of age compared to the total number of births

7
Q

Life Expectancy

A

how long the average person lives per country

8
Q

Carrying Capacity

A

the maximum population that the Earth can sustain

9
Q

Arithmetic Density

A

the total number of people divided by the total land area

10
Q

Physiological Density

A

number of people per unit of arable land

11
Q

Agricultural Density

A

number of farmers per unit of arable land

12
Q

Potential Support Ratio

A

the number of working-age people (15-64) for the number of people 65+

13
Q

Dependency Support Ratio

A

the number of people too old or too young to work compared to the number of people in their “productive years”

14
Q

Doubling Time

A

a way to estimate the time it takes to double a number based on its growth rate; take the number 70 and divide it by the growth rate; the result is the number of years required to double

15
Q

Demographic Transition Model

A

shows the birth rates, death rates, and population increase/decrease in different stages

16
Q

Epidemiologic Transition Model

A

the process of change in the distinctive causes of death in each stage of the DTM

17
Q

Malthusian Theory

A

was afraid that the Earth was reaching its carrying capacity; afraid that in the near future, food was going to run out and that food production could not keep up with the growing population

18
Q

Neo-Malthusians

A

believe that Malthus’ theories are even more terrifying now; not only are food resources at risk of becoming sparse but also energy and water; billions of people will be fighting for these resources in the future

19
Q

Pro-natalist

A

policy encouraging people to have more babies

20
Q

Anti-natalist

A

policy encouraging people to NOT have more babies

21
Q

Maternal Mortality Rate

A

the annual number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births