Unit 2 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Vocab Deck (40)
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1

attentive public

those who follow politics and public affairs carefully.

2

Australian ballot

secret ballot printed at the expense of the state.

3

Balancing the ticket

occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more votes for the ticket.

4

Blanket primary

election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and that allows voters to choose candidates from all the parties.

5

Caucus

local party meeting

6

Closed primary

party election to choose candidates that is closed to independents. Voters may not cross party lines.

7

Coattail effect

the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the election of congressional candidates of the same party

8

Demographics

characteristics of populations, e.g., race, sex, income.

9

Direct election

election of an official directly by the people rather than by an intermediary group such as the Electoral College.

10

Direct primary

election in which the people choose candidates for office.

11

Fixed terms

terms of office that have a definite length of time, e.g., two years for a member of the House.

12

Front loading

scheduling presidential primary elections early (e.g., February or March) in an election year.

13

Gender Gap

difference in voting patterns for men and women, particularly in the greater tendency of the latter to vote for Democratic presidential candidates.

14

general election

election in which the officeholders are chosen. Contrast with a primary election, in which only the candidates are chosen.

15

hard money

campaign contributions donated directly to candidates.

16

ideology

set of beliefs about political values and the role of government.

17

incumbent

an officeholder who is seeking reelection.

18

independent

one is not registered with a political party.

19

independent leaners

tend to vote for candidates of one particular party

20

pure independents

have no consistent pattern of party voting

21

issue advocacy ads

ads that focus on issues and do not explicitly encourage citizens to vote for a certain candidate.

22

open primary

election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and in which voters may choose candidates from any one party.

23

party identification

a sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party.

24

party platform

a list of positions and programs that the party adopts at the national convention. Each position is called a plank

25

political culture

the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about their government.

26

plurality

more votes than anyone else, but less than half, e.g., Clinton won a plurality (43%) of popular votes in 1992, but not a majority.`

27

plurality elections

such as those for Congress are won by the person with the most votes, regardless if he/she has a majority

28

political efficacy

capacity to understand and influence political events

29

political socialization

process in which one acquires his/her political beliefs.

30

realigning (critical) election

an election in which there is a long term
change in party alignment, e.g., 1932.