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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (27)
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1

What is Beringia?

A land bridge that once combined Asia and America

2

Kennewick Man

-oldest skeleton we have from the new world (8-9,000 yrs ago)

-pronto-Caucasian
-found in Kennewick, Washington

3

What is Clovis point?

-oldest stone tool from new world

-discovered in Clovis, New Mexico

-made from fine materials such as obsidian

-very sharp edges

4

What are the 3 sisters?

Corn, beans, squash

5

Easter Island

-large and rich society
-many housing foundations
-society broken into 11-12 territories

-hundreds of large stones (Maoi)

6

What factors contributed to the Easter island collapse?

-forests gone
-limited food supply
-limited fuel supply
-erosion

7

Maya vs. Mayan

Maya: culture/ppl

Mayan: language

8

Maya religious belief system

Popul Vuh:

- the “maize” god
-

9

Hash/Tzolk’in

Haab: solar calendar made up of 20 months

Tzolk’in: 260 day calendar that matches 9 cycles of the moon

-together, they make up the long count

10

Sites important to Maya history

-Tikal
-El Mirador
-Palenque
-Copan
-Chichen Itza

11

The Maya collapse

-ppl dying from war/disease
-ppl are moving away

12

Tatiana Proskouriaff

-artist/reconstructionist from Syberia

13

Tenochtitlan

-manmade Aztec City
-built on a swampy island in Lake Texcocco

-present day- Mexico City
-very large (200,000 ppl)

14

What are chinampas?

“Floating gardens”

-narrow, artificial islands in lakes using mud, vegetation and dirt

-would grow the 3 sisters
-method is still used today

15

Aztec language

Logographic/syllabic

-extensive written records: debt, stories, history

16

Aztec Calendar

365 day count, 260 day ritual count (sets of 13)

17

Aztec Religion

Polytheistic

-Quetzalcoatl (creator god)
-Huizilopochtli (sun god)
-there wasn’t a guarantee that sun would run, only sacrifice would guarantee it

18

Archaeology vs. history

History can paint a different picture than what is actually on the ground

19

What is underwater archaeology?

The use of archaeology in aquatic settings

-used for research and bc it the site may be required to be excavated by the govt

20

What was the Harris survey?

Telephone survey that looked at adults 18+ and how much ingests they had in archaeology

-showed high level of interest
-showed that general public care about preserving sites/artifacts

21

3 phases of cultural resource management?

Identifying/survey, assessing, management

22

Antiquities act of 1906

President has the authority to state whether or not something can be built/set aside artifacts, monuments, etc

23

Historic sites act of 1935

The 1st US law to declare preservation to be a national policy

-encouraged widespread preservation efforts throughout the states

24

NAGPRA

Addresses the rights of native Americans to cultural items such as human remains, sacred objects and other cultural objects

25

When are forensic anthropologists used in archaeology?

-individuals who are missing, homicide, suicide

-mass disasters
-human rights issues

*positive ids must be given

26

What is disaster archaeology ?

Genocide, natural disasters, war zones

27

What is pulque?

Aztec, Maya, Zapotec, Huastec alcoholic beverage