Unit 3 Test Flashcards Preview

Civics > Unit 3 Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3 Test Deck (39)
Loading flashcards...
1

Weeks vs United States

-Exclusionary rule on the federal level
-Evidence gathered illegally can not be used in a court of law

2

Mapp vs Ohio

Applied the exclusionary rule to the state

3

Katz vs United States

The fourth amendment protects people not just places

4

T.L.O. vs New Jersey

Reasonable suspicion

5

California vs Greenwood

Reasonable expectation of privacy

6

Vernonia School District vs Acton

Random drug testing was allowed in schools

7

Lemon vs Kurtzman

Lemon Test
1) A secular or non religious purpose
2) Either helped or hurt the religion
3) Not result in "excessive entanglement" of the government and the religion

8

Engel vs Vitale

Established prayer in school is unconstitutional

9

Texas vs Johnson

Flag burning is constitutional if it has a political purpose

10

Brandenburg vs Ohio

Imminent lawless actions

11

Miller vs California

Obscenity law standards
1) contemporary community standards
2) states can conduct their own state laws
3) lacks value

12

Near vs Minnesota

Court developed the doctrine of prior restraint

13

NY Times vs Sullivan

Public officials are held to higher standards

14

Feiner vs New York

Speech can be stopped if it starts a riot

15

Affidavit

A formally sworn statement

16

Bail

Money or other security given to obtain an arrestol persons release from legal custody, which is forfeited if the individual subsequently fails to appear before the court for trial

17

Capital Punishment

The use of the death penalty by a judicial system

18

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

A criminal sanction or penalty that is not in accord with the moral standards of a humane and compassionate society. The 8th amendment prohibits such punishments

19

Double Jeopardy

The provision in the 5th amendment to the U.S. constitution that a person may not be tried twice for the same crime

20

Establishment Clause

The part of the first amendment that prohibits government from declaring an official religion

21

Exclusionary Clause

The rule established by the U.S. supreme court that evidence unconstitutionally gathered by law enforcement officers may not be used against a defendant in trial

22

Free Exercise Clause

The part of the first amendment stating that congress shall make no laws that prevent people from holding whatever religious beliefs they choose or that unfairly or unreasonably limit the right to practice religious beliefs

23

Grand Jury

A panel of jurors designated to inquire into alleged violations of the law in order to ascertain whether the evidence is sufficient to the warrant trials

24

Indictment

A formal charge by a grand jury accusing a person of having committed a crime

25

Libel

Published words or pictures that falsely and maliciously defame a person

26

Plea Agreement

Pleading guilty to a lesser crime than that charged by a prosecuter

27

Probable Cause

Reasonable grounds for presuming that a crime has been or is in the process pf being committed. Provided for in the fourth amendment

28

Right Against Self-Incrimination

A guarantee found in the 5th amendment against being compelled in only criminal case to be a witness against oneself

29

Right to Assemble

The right or legal claim provided for in the first amendment that allows people to meet to discuss and express their beliefs, ideas, or feelings, especially in a political context

30

Right to Counsel

Part of the right to a fair trial, allowing for the defendant to be assisted by an attorney, and if the defendant cannot afford counsel, requiring that they state appoint an attorney or pay the defendants legal fees