Unit 3 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 Vocab Deck (15):
0

Renaissance

Began in Italy, a rebirth of classical knowledge ideas of art and literature.

1

Zheng He

Voyager, launched seven expeditions for the Ming Dynasty, collecting tribute for permission to trade with China.

2

Colombian exchange

Movement of people, plants, animals diseases and ideas between the America and Europe

3

Reformation

Movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the Pope's authority (Protestantism)

4

Atlantic slave trade

Captured Africans were transported across the Atlantic under horrific condition then sold, and forced to work in the Americas in mines and plantations

5

English civil war

A conflict between the English parliament and Charles I, which established the supremacy of parliament over the monarchy

6

Sikhism

A non-violent monotheistic religion development in India, whose beliefs blend elements of Hinduism and Islam

7

Limited monarchy

A system of government that emerged in England in which the monarch is made to share power with an elected parliament and constitution limit the power of the monarch

8

Mercantilism

An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more good that they bought

9

Absolute monarchy

A king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society. This monarch claims to rule by divine right and do so without any checks and balances

10

Glorious revolution

1688 a bloodless revolt that overthrew the king of England and signed into law the English bill of rights, granting their subjects certain rights

11

Capitalism

Economic system that includes private ownership and investment in businesses for profit. Also known as free market or free enterprise

12

Ottoman Empire

Gained control of existing land and sea trade routes between India and Asia, changed Constantinople to present day Istanbul

13

Secular

Concerned with worldly (non religious) rather than spiritual matters

14

Printing press

Johannes Gutenberg invented a machine with movable type in 1450 in Germany which helped spread the ideas of the Reformation