Unit 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5 Vocab Deck (17):
1

Nationalism

Belief that each nationality is entitled to its own government and national homeland

2

Alliance system

The triple alliance and triple entente sought to preserve the balance of power, but dragged their members into war

3

League of Nations

International organization proposed by Wilson and created by the Versailles treaty to promote disarmament and prevent future wars and promote disarmament. The league consisted of a council but had no military force of its own.

4

Balkans

Region of southeastern Europe that provided the spark igniting World War 1. In the 1990's the Balkans experienced "ethnic cleansing" by Serbs against Muslims.

5

Russian revolution

Czar Nicholas II is forced to abdicate the throne and is executed a provisional government is established but quickly lose power to the Bolsheviks

6

Totalitarianism

A government that controls all aspects of life

7

Adolf hitler

Nazi party leader who established a totalitarian state in Germany. His policies took Germany into a devastating war in 1939 and led to the deaths of millions of Jews in the holocaust

8

Great Depression

A devastating economic downturn that saw stock prices fall, businesses fail, and large scale unemployment in America and Europe

9

Fascism

Political system that developed in Germany, Italy and Spain after WWI, marked by intense nationalism, belief in an all powerful leader and militarism

10

World War II

The most destructive conflict in history in which an estimated 70 million were killed Hitler launched this war in Europe by invading Poland in 1939

11

Archduke Franz Ferdinanad

The heir to the Austro Hungarian throne is assassinated while visiting Sarajevo by Gavrilo a member of the black hand society

12

Imperialism

The political and economic control of one area of country by another

13

United Nations

International organization launched in 1945. It's purpose is to maintain world peace while encouraging cooperation among nations

14

Benito Mussolini

Leader who turned Italy into a fascist state by controlling the press, abolishing unions and outlawing strikes

15

Holocaust

The genocide of Jews and other minorities during WWII by the nazis, in concentration camps

16

Black hand society

A secret society made up of Slav nationalist that wanted to attain a greater Serbia by breaking free from Austria Hungary its members planned the assassination of the Archduke

17

World war 1

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand set off a chain reaction that involved most nations of Europe and later U.S.