Unit 3 Vocab - Carbon Compounds Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 Vocab - Carbon Compounds Deck (21):
0

A family of molecules that are sugars in the form of a monosaccharide, disaccharide, or polysaccharide

Carbohydrate

1

The basic subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer

Monomer

2

A large molecule consisting of many repeating chemical units or molecules linked together

Polymer

3

A small group of atoms, usually attached to a larger molecule, and adds to the behavior of the molecule

Functional group

4

A chemical reaction in which 2 or more molecules are bonded together with the removal of a water molecule

Dehydration reaction

5

A chemical reaction that splits a polymer into monomers with the addition of a water molecule

Hydrolysis reaction

6

The act or process of forming a polymer compound

Polymerization

7

The process where a protein loses its 3D structure, and therefore loses its function

Denaturation

8

Many sugars linked together to form a long chain of sugars

Polysaccharide

9

The monomer of proteins

Amino acids

10

The most common monosaccharide that is responsible for energy production in organisms

Glucose

11

A covalent bond that polymerizes carbohydrates

Glycosidic bond

12

A family of compounds that includes fats, phospholipids, and steroids

Lipids

13

A covalent bond that polymerizes proteins

Peptide bond

14

A covalent bond that polymerizes lipids

Ester bond

15

A family of compounds that carries genetic information

Nucleic acids

16

Deoxyribonucleic acids; made up of repeating nucleotides

DNA

17

A covalent bond that polymerizes nucleic acids

Phosphodiester bond

18

A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simplest type of sugar

Monosaccharide

19

A family of compounds that are 3D and are made up of repeating amino acids

Protein

20

A long chain of amino acids

Polypeptide