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Flashcards in Unit 4: Immigration Deck (13)
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The process of people establishing homes, and often citizenship, in a country that is not their native country.



A person who seeks shelter/protection in another country because of the danger or persecution in their home country.



What was the Singh Decision?

Harbhajan Singh arrived in Canada from India seeking refugee status. Canada requested he leave immediately without the benefit of a hearing. Singh used the Charter of Rights and Freedoms to declare "every person in Canada has a right to safety and security" and be protected by the gov't as long as they are a refugee in Canada. Supreme Court decision: people claiming refugee status have the right to a hearing which they attend in person and necessities of life are to be provided while waiting for a hearing.


-most recent set of laws in Canada about immigration
-established categories of who can come from other countries and establish homes
-lays out objectives

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act 2002


List the objectives of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

-pursue social, economic, & cultural benefits for Canadians
-respect bilingual and multicultural character of Canada
-share benefits of immigration across all regions
-reunite families
-promote successful integration of immigrants into society


Who falls under the immigration category of economic class?

skilled workers, business people


Who falls under the immigration category of refugee class?

people escaping torture, persecution or cruel and unusual punishment in their own country


Who falls under the immigration category of family class?

spouses, partners, children, parents and grandparents of people living in Canada


Explain Canada's Immigration point system that was implemented in 1967.

Economic immigrants must take a test to determine whether they are suitable for entry into Canada. Must score at least 67 out of 100 to be considered.
-pre arranged employment
-age at time of immigration
-years of work experience
-years of education
-ability to speak French or English


Explain past immigration laws.

-Immigrants from China were charged a head tax (payed a fixed fee).
-Immigrants from India were banned, turned away in 1800s.
-Favoured people from English ancestry
-restricted entry from Asian countries


A special agreement with Quebec stating that Quebec can nominate a specific number of French speaking immigrants and require immigrants who settle in Quebec to send their children to French language schools.

The Canada-Quebec Accord


Explain the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP).

-provinces nominate percentage of Canada's total immigrants to their province.
-cannot require/force to settle in certain place so PNP must provide certain incentives (financial or faster)
-help address specific labour shortages in specific provinces


What impact has immigration had on Aboriginal peoples?

negative because hiring immigrants for jobs rather than aboriginal results in more health, education, and employment challenges which are linked to poverty.