Unit 4 Lesson 39 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 Lesson 39 Deck (15):
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Aphorism

A brief statement of a principle; a tersely phrased statement f a truth or opinion

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Dogma

A system of principles or tenets as of a church; prescribed doctrine; an established opinion or belief

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Empirical

Guided by practical experience and not theoretical

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Epistemology

The division of philosophy that investigates the nature, origin, methods and limits of human knowledge

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Eschatology

The branch of theology that is concerned with the ultimate or last things -- such as death, judgement, heaven and hell

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Fallacy

N idea or opinion founded on mistaken logic or perception

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Hedonism

Pursuit of or devotion to pleasure; the ethical doctrine that that which is peasant or has pleasant consequences is Intrinsically good

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Pragmatism

Theory that results, not procedure, give meaning

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Predestination

The doctrine that God has foreordained whatever comes to pass, especially the salvation or damnation of individual souls

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Ratiocination

The act of reasoning methodically or logically

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Syllogism

In logic, a form of deductive reasoning consisting of a major premise (all men are foolish), a minor premise (Smith is a man), and conclusion, (therefore, Smith is foolish); a subtle or specious piece of reasoning

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Teleology

The doctrine that final causes exist; design, purpose, or utility as an explanation of any natural phenomenon

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Tenet

An opinion or doctrine held to be true

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Theosophy

A system of philosophy or religion that proposes to establish direct, mystical contact with divide principles through contemplation or revelation

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Utilitarian

Stressing the value of practical over aesthetic values