Unit 4c: chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4c: chapter 13 Deck (24):
1

legislative veto

the ability of congress to override a presidential decision. although the war powers resolutions asserts this authority, there is reason to believe that, if challenged, the supreme court would find the legislative veto in violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.

2

crisis

a sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager.

3

veto

the constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to congress with reasons for rejecting it. a two-thirds vote in each house can override a veto.

4

pocket veto

a veto taking place when congress adjourns within ten days of having submitted a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.

5

presidential coattails

the situation occurring when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president. recent studies show that few races are won this way.

6

cabinet

a group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the constitution, although every president has had one. today the cabinet is composed of 14 secretaries and the attorney general.

7

national security council

an office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers. its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.

8

council of management and budget

an office that grew out of the bureau of the budget, created in 1921, consisting of a handful of a political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals. the omb performs both managerial and budgetary functions, and although the president is its boss, the director and staff have considerable independence in the budgetary process.

9

22nd amendment

passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.

10

impeachment

the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the constitution. the house of representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."

11

watergate

the events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the democratic national committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of white house involvement, leadinf to the eventual resignation of president nixon under threat of impeachment.

12

25th amendment

passed in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president to become acting president if both the vice president and the president's cabinet determine that the president is disabled. the amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job. the president pro tempore is the third in line.

13

war powers resolution

a law passed in 1973 in reaction to american fighting in vietnam and cambodia that requires presidents to consult with congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless congress declares war or grants an extension. presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional.

14

veto

the constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to congress with reasons for rejecting it. a two-thirds vote in each house can override a veto.

15

pocket veto

a veto taking place when congress adjourns within ten days of having submitted a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.

16

presidential coattails

the situation occurring when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president. recent studies show that few races are won this way.

17

cabinet

a group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the constitution, although every president has had one. today the cabinet is composed of 14 secretaries and the attorney general.

18

national security council

an office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers. its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.

19

council of management and budget

an office that grew out of the bureau of the budget, created in 1921, consisting of a handful of a political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals. the omb performs both managerial and budgetary functions, and although the president is its boss, the director and staff have considerable independence in the budgetary process.

20

22nd amendment

passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.

21

impeachment

the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the constitution. the house of representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."

22

watergate

the events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the democratic national committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of white house involvement, leadinf to the eventual resignation of president nixon under threat of impeachment.

23

25th amendment

passed in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president to become acting president if both the vice president and the president's cabinet determine that the president is disabled. the amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job. the president pro tempore is the third in line.

24

war powers resolution

a law passed in 1973 in reaction to american fighting in vietnam and cambodia that requires presidents to consult with congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless congress declares war or grants an extension. presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional.