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BEHP 5012 Unit 1-9 > Unit 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (15)
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1

Repeated, systematic presentation and
removal of an independent variable (or IV)
While measuring changes in the dependent
variable (or DV) and holding other factors
constant

Experimental Design

2

To demonstrate a functional relation
between the IV and DV and To evaluate the interventions once they are decided upon

The Primary goals of systematic experimental manipulation

3

Changes in an antecedent or consequent
stimulus class consistently alter a dimension
of a response class

Functional Relation

4

The extent to which an analysis assures that
measured changes in behavior are due to
the manipulation and not due to uncontrolled
extraneous variables.

Internal Validity

5

The extent to which a study’s results are
generalizable to other subjects, settings, or
behaviors.

External Validity

6

History
Maturation
Testing
Instrumentation
Diffusion of treatment
Regression towards the mean
Selection bias
Attrition

Threats to Internal Validity

7

Measurement
Stability
Immediacy
Replication

Minimizing Validity Threats

8

The repeated and systematic presentation
and removal of a treatment and
measurement of behavior while holding other
factors constant

Single-Case Design (SCD)

9

Assessment of the dependent variable prior
to the introduction or change of the
independent variable

Baseline

10

Movement in the analysis from one level or
kind of independent variable to the next level
or kind of independent variable

Phase Change

11

Baseline phase followed by a treatment phase
Effect is demonstrated when behavior
changes from one phase to the next

A-B Design

12

Baseline is followed by a treatment
condition.

Withdrawl Design

13

An intervention is applied to the target
behavior after a baseline phase

Reversal Design

14

Two or more independent baselines are
established.
The independent variable is then separately
introduced in a staggered fashion to each
baseline.

When behavior is stable for the first baseline,
the independent variable is introduced on the
second baseline, and so on.

Multiple Baseline Design

15

First baseline is continuous, but subsequent
baseline data collection is conducted on an
intermittent basis relative to the first baseline

Multiple Probe Technique