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Flashcards in Unit 5 Terms Deck (38)
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1

A reverence for tradition as a source of authority or values in religion, morality, or art.

Traditionalism

2

The philosophical view that all knowledge originates in sensory experience. (John Locke's philosophy that human beings know only what they see, hear, feel, taste, or smell and what they can conclude from reflecting on their sensory experience.)

Empiricism

3

Corrective ridicule in literature, or a work that is designed to correct an evil by means of ridicule. Not to be confused with verbal irony or sarcasm. It's purpose is to upbraid and to warn.

Satire

4

A cultural attraction to the art and thought of Ancient Greece and Rome. Beginning in 16th century Italy as a result of the study or classical literature.

Neoclassicism

5

A reaction against the cultural climate and values of neoclassicism. It insisted on the greater importance of 1) individualism, 2) imagination, 3) nature, 4) the distant.

Romanticism

6

The attempt in fiction to create an illusion of actuality by the use of seemingly random detail or by the inclusion of the ordinarily or unpleasant in life.

Realism

7

A long, stylized narrative poem celebrating the deeds of a national or ethnic hero.

Epic

8

A short, highly compressed poem making a wise or humorous observation and ending with a witty twist

Epigram

9

A standard type or category of literature

Genre

10

Drama that ends unhappily

Tragedy

11

Drama that ends happily

Comedy

12

A witty and often licentious satirical comedy popular during the reign of Charles II

Comedy of manners

13

Highly emotionalized and moralized comedy designed to arouse benevolent feelings

Sentimental comedy

14

Highly emotionalized and moralized tragedy designed to arouse benevolent feelings

Sentimental drama

15

An 18th century r action against neoclassicism that anticipated romanticism. In subject matter writers favored the quality picturesque or the pitiful, aiming to arouse human feelings through scene of contentment of pathos.

Sentimentalism

16

The belief that human reason rather than revelation or authority is the source of all knowledge and the only valid basis for action.

Rationalism

17

A long highly stylized lyric poem written in a complex stanza in a serious theme and often for a specific occasion.

Ode

18

As pair of rhymed lines written in iambic pentameter

Heroic couplet

19

A poetic foot consisting of two syllables, the second of which is accented - it repeats in a line of poetry 5 times

Iambic pentameter

20

An invented prose narrative. Whether it is allegorical or not may serve the purpose of truth and virtue.

Fiction

21

The official poet of a nation or region

Poet Laureate

22

Poetry written to enhance or make memorable a particular occasion, normally public and contemporary.

Occasional Verse

23

A story with a literal and an implied level of meaning. The implied level of meaning may suggest actual persons, places, events and situations or a set of ideas.

Allegory

24

Artificially selected and refined language once considered essential to poetic expression

Poetic Diction

25

The inclusion of minute, or even superfluous, details to create an allusion of actuality.

Verisimilitude

26

A special form of satire that mocks its subject by incongruous imitation either of its style or content or by incongruous representation in terms of high seriousness.

Burlesque

27

A minor neoclassical poetic genre in which a poem, usually of high moral seriousness takes the form of an address to a friend.

Verse epistle

28

Instruction in literature

Didacticism

29

The regular recurrence of accented syllables in a line of poetry.

Meter

30

A variation of ballad stanza prevalent among hymns. (The first and third lines usually also rhyme)

Common meter