Unit 5012 ASR unit 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5012 ASR unit 6 Deck (28)
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1
Q
With a changing criterion design, each sub face serves as a baseline for the following phase. True or false true
A
True
2
Q
The changing criterion most closely resembles what other experiment the arrangement?
A
AB design
3
Q
With a changing criterion design each subphase is designed to be further away from the Target goal. True or false
A
False
4
Q
With a changing criterion design, Experimental control is demonstrated when
A
The behavior conforms to each specified criterion That is introduced
5
Q
Within a changing criterion design , To rule out threats of internal validitySuch as maturation and practice effects, One can do which of the following:

A
Revert To a previous criterion
6
Q
By directional change in a changing criteriam design Is logistically most similar top
A
A reversal as in an ABA design
7
Q
When deciding the size of the initial criteria changes when using a changing criterion design, the rule of thumb is:
A
Use large changes for variable behavior, small changes if the behavior is stable.
8
Q
All of the following are advantages of the changing criterion except:

A. Treatments do not have to be withdrawn

B. All participants can receive treatment after the same ones a baseline.

C. It requires little time and effort and planning

D. It does not require multiple behaviors, participants, or settings
A
C
9
Q
For which of the following examples with one not consider the use of a change in criterion design?

a. When the target behavior is one that can be changed, increased or decreased, and a stepwise fashion

C. When the behavior is a target behavior that is already in the clients Repertoire


A
C
10
Q
Multi element designs are sometimes also known as
A
Alternating treatment designs
Simultaneous treatment designs
Concurrent schedule design
Multiple schedule design
11
Q
A multielement design is one in which

A. Rapid sequential alternation of two or more IVs

B. A baseline face is followed by a treatment phase, each run until stable

C. Following baseline, the independent variable is introduced, then withdrawn

D. Two or more independent baselines are established and the independent variable is introduced in a staggered fashion to each baseline.
A
A
12
Q
The logic of a multi element design is that each data point in a given condition should, a. Predicts future behavior, b. Serve to verify previous predictions, and c. Permits comparison against predictions made by dad in the other condition
True or false
A
True
13
Q
When using a multielement design, conditions are Counterbalanced across experimental contexts in order to ensure an equal number of sessions from each condition were conducted true or false
A
False
14
Q
Combining elements of different experimental designs can be useful in:
A
Enhancing the certainty of experimental control
15
Q
What confounding interaction has occurred if different results are obtained when a reinforcement procedure to decrease problem behavior is examined by itself relative to when it is compared to a punishment procedure in a multi element of design?
A
Multiple treatment interference
16
Q
What confounding interaction has occurred if different results are obtained during treatment when preceded by baseline versus when preceded by a different treatment?
A
Sequence Effects
17
Q
Visual inspection may disregard actual differences or changes when they are real, but minimal. Visual inspection, therefore, may minimize…, Perhaps at the expense of….
A
Type l error, type ll error
18
Q
Procedural integrity is:
A
The extent to which the IV is implemented as dictated by the research plan
19
Q
Procedural drift occurs when the independent variable, applied during later stages of an intervention, closely matches earlier implementation. True or false
A
False

It is the opposite
20
Q
Which of the following is not a way to overcome threats to procedural integrity:

a. Simplification of the IV
b. Sufficient training and practice implementing procedures
C. Simplification of the DV
D. Contingencies place on treatment Fidelity
A
Simplification of the DV
21
Q
Procedural integrity requires a very different measurement system Then what one typically uses to measure the dependent variables. Two or false
A
False
22
Q
ASR 24

Which of the following does not describe a method used to evaluate behavior in the absence of intervention or training?

a. Sequential withdrawal
b. Component analysis
c. Probes
d. Parametric analysis
A
D
23
Q
If functional analysis of problem behavior is not considered an alternating treatments design because, although there are multiple conditions, these are not treatment conditions. True or false
A
False

But this is an assessment not a treatment
24
Q
Hi levels of satisfaction in subject of a valuations always indicate a socially significant change in behavior

True or false
A
False
25
Q
What confounding interaction has occurred if different results are obtained when a reinforcement procedure to decrease problem behavior is examined by itself relative to win it is compared to a punishment procedure in a multi element design?
A
Multiple treatment interference
26
Q
What kind sounding interaction has occurred if different results are obtained during treatment when preceded by baseline versus one preceded by A different treatment
A
Sequence effects
27
Q
Visual inspection may disregard actual differences or changes when they are real, but minimal. Visual inspection, therefore may minimize ______, at the expense of___

Type one error, type to error

Type to error, type one error
A
Type one error, type two
28
Q
occurs when implementation of a procedure deteriorates over time
A
Procedural drift