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Flashcards in Untitled 1 Deck (130)
1

cyt/o

cell

2

histo/o

tissue

3

kary/o

nucleus

4

nucle/o

nucleus

5

anter/o

anterior front

6

caud/o

tail

7

cepahlo/o

head

8

dist/o

far farthest

9

dors/o

back (of body)

10

infer/o

lower below

11

later/o

side to one side

12

medi/o

middle

13

poster/o

back behind posterior

14

proxim/o

near nearest

15

ventr/o

belly belly side

16

abdomin/o

abdomen

17

cervic/o

neck cervix neck of utereus

18

crani/o

cranium

19

gastr/o

stomach

20

ili/o

ilium

21

inguin/o

groin

22

lumb/o

loins (lower back)

23

pelv/i

pelvis

24

pelv/o

pelvis

25

spin/o

spine

26

thorac/o

chest

27

umbilic/o

umbilicus navel

28

albin/o

white

29

leuk/o

white

30

chlor/o

green

31

chrom/o

color

32

cirrh/o

yellow

33

jaund/o

yellow

34

xanth/o

yellow

35

cyan/o

blue

36

erythr/o

red

37

melan/o

black

38

poli/o

gray gray matter

39

acr/o

extremity

40

eti/o

cause

41

idi/o

unknown peculiar

42

morph/o

form shape structure

43

path/o

disease

44

radi/o

radiation x-ray radius

45

somat/o

body

46

son/o

sound

47

tom/o

to cut

48

viscer/o

internal organs

49

xer/o

dry

50

–genesis

forming producing origin

51

–gnosis

knowing

52

–gram

record writing

53

–graph

instrument for recording

54

–graphy

process of recording

55

–logist

specialist in study of

56

–logy

study of

57

–meter

instrument for measuring

58

–metry

act of measuring

59

–pathy

disease

60

ab–

from away from

61

ad–

toward

62

hetero–

different

63

homeo–

same alike

64

infra–

below under

65

peri–

around

66

super–

upper above

67

trans–

across through

68

ultra–

excess beyond

69

adhesion

abnormal fibrous band that holds or binds together tissues that are normally separated

70

ascites

abnormal acculumation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

71

edema

abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissue spaces

72

febrile

pertaining to a fever also called pyretic

73

gangrene

death and decay of soft tissue usually caused by circulatory obtruction trauma or infection

74

hernia

protrusion of any organ through the structure that normally contains it

75

inflammation

body defense against injury infection or allergy marked by redness swelling heat pain and sometimes loss of function

76

mycosis

any fungal infection in or one the body

77

perforation

a hole the completely penetrates a structure

78

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum the serious membrane that surrounds the abdominal cavity and covers its organs

79

rupture

sudden breaking or bursting of a structure or organ

80

sepsis

pathological state usually febrile resulting from the presence of microoganisms or their products in the bloodstream

81

suppuration

producing or associated with the generation of pus

82

infusion therapy

delivery of fluids directly into the blood stream bia a vein for treating various disorders also called IV therapy

83

ablation

removal or a part pathway or function by surgery chemical destruction electrocautery freezing or radio frequency

84

anastomosis

surgical joining of two ducts vessels or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

85

cauterize

destruction of tissue by electricty freezing heat or corrosive chemicals

86

curettage

scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument called a curette (curet)

87

incision and drainage (I&D)

incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawl of fluids from a wound or cavity

88

laser surgery

use of a high intensity laser light beam to remove diseased tissue stop bleeding blood vessels or for cosmetic purposes

89

resection

removal of part of all of a structure organ or tissue

90

revision

surgical procedure used to replace or compensate for a previously implanted device or correct an undersireable result or effect of a previous surgery

91

assessment techniques

sequence of procedures designe to evaluate the health status of a patient

92

inspection

general observation of the patient as a whole progressing to specific body areas

93

palpation

gentle application of hands to specific structure of body areas to determine the size consistency texture symmetry and tenderness of underlying structures

94

percussion

tapping a structing with the hand or fingers to assess the consitency and the presence of absence of fluids within the underlying structure

95

ausculation

listening to the heart bowel and lungs with or without a stethoscope to assess the presence and quality of sounds

96

endoscopy

endo-(in within) -scopy (visual examination) visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope

97

blood chemistry analysis

lab test usually performed on serum to evaluate various substances to determine whether they fall within a normal range

98

complete blood count (CBC)

panel of blood tests used as a broad screening test for anemias infections and other diseases

99

organ-disease panel

series of blood tests used to evaluate a specific organ (liver panel) or disease (anemia panel)

100

computed tomography (CT)

imaging technique in which an x-ray emiter rotates around the area to be scalnned and computer measures the intensity of transmitted x-rays from different angles

101

floroscopy

technique in which x-rays are directed through the body to a flurescent screen that displays internal structures and continuous motion

102

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than an x-ray beam to produce highly detailed multiplanar cross-sectional views of soft tissues

103

nuclear scan

technique in which a radioactive material (radiopharmaceutical) called a tracer is introducted into the body (inhaled ingested or injected) and a specialized camera (gamme camera) is used to produce images of organs and structures

104

positron emission tomography (PET)

computed tomograph records the positrons emitted from a radiopharmaceutical to produce a cross sectional image of the metabolic activity of body tissues to determine the presence of disease

105

radiography

technique in which x-rays are passed through the body or area and captured on a film to generate an image also called x-ray

106

single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)

radiological technique that integrates CT and a radioative material (tracer) injected into the bloodstream to visualize blood flow to tissues and organs

107

ultrasonography (US)

high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are direct at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure

108

biopsy

removal of a representative tissue sample from a body site for microscopic examination usually to establish a diagnosis

109

excisional

biopsy in which the entire lesion is removed

110

incisional

biopsy in which only a small sample of the lesion is removed

111

AP

anteroposterior

112

Bx bx

biopsy

113

CBC

complete blood count

114

CT

computed tomography

115

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

116

Dx

diagnosis

117

I&D

incision and drainage

118

LAT lat

lateral

119

LLQ

left lower quadrant

120

LUQ

left upper quadrant

121

MRI

magnetic resonance imagine

122

PET

positron emission tomography

123

RF

rheumatoid factor radio frequency

124

RLQ

right lower quadrant

125

RUQ

right upper quadrant

126

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography

127

Sx

sympton

128

Tx

treatment

129

U&L U/L

upper and lower

130

US

ultrasound ultrasonography