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Flashcards in upper extremity Deck (37)
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1
Q

Inflammation, soft repair, hard repair, and remodel?

A

4 phases of bone healing

2
Q

How long can swelling actually last in fracture patients?

A

Up to 9 months to a year

3
Q

ORIF

A

Open reduction internal fixation

4
Q

Do not use ointments or soak incisions. Can start ROM at 2-10 days

A

ORIF care

5
Q

Avoid dangling, use elevation, compression, ice, and ROM

A

Edema management

6
Q

Which 2 ways can PROM be referred to

A

Passive and passive stretch

7
Q

Humerus, radial head fracture, wrist fracture, metacarpal fractures and phalanx fractures?

A

Common upper extremity fractures

8
Q

Colles fracture or distal radius fracture

A

Common wrist fracture

9
Q

Caused by high velocity fall on out stretched hand, most carpal bone fracture

A

Scaphoid

10
Q

except humeral fractures and epicondyle fractures, most patients begin AROM within a week after surgery or after cast removal

A

Treatment

11
Q

Proximal humeral fractures start with PROM and pendulums

A

Treatment

12
Q

Most common with humerus fractures

A

Frozen shoulder

13
Q

Freezing, frozen, thawing

A

3 stages of frozen shoulder

14
Q

A contracture of the palmar fascia. Which pulls the fingers into flexion

A

Dupuytrens contractures

15
Q

A partial laceration, internal/external force (compression),and/or a pull on the arm

A

Causes of peripheral nerve injuries

16
Q

Commonly seen in volar surface (digit, palm, wrist)

A

Peripheral nerve laceration

17
Q

Safety education for loss of protective sensation. Splint preventing stretch to the repaired nerve and save ROM.

A

Phase 1 for post op nerve repair

18
Q

Sensory nerve (desensitization and sensory reeducation). Motor nerve (strengthening in progression)

A

Phase 2 of post op nerve repair

19
Q

Compression neuropathy, nerve entrapment, and entrapment neuropathy

A

Other terms for never compression

20
Q

Neurapraxia (bruise to the nerve steath), axontomesis (damage to axon fibers),neurotemesis (complete laceration)

A

Results of compression

21
Q

Medial nerve (carpal tunnel syndrome), ulnar nerve( elbow), radial nerve

A

Most common nerve compression

22
Q

Most common compression neuropathy,. Caused by decreased space in carpal tunnel

A

CTS

23
Q

Numbness or tingling in thumb, index, middle, and half of ring finger. Decreased fine motor control, weak or atrophied thenar muscles, decreased pinch strength

A

CTS symptoms

24
Q

Neutral wrist split, patient education, tendon gliding exercises

A

CTS OT treatment

25
Q

Ulnar nerve kinked around a ligament at the elbow

A

Cubital nerve compression

26
Q

Deep tissue and soft tissue massage to supinator and extensors. Ultrasound or electrical stim to extensors. Extensor stretching. Patient education

A

Radial tunnel treatment

27
Q

Usually a traction injury

A

Brachial plexus

28
Q

Onset after soft tissue or bone injury

A

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)

29
Q

Disease of the tendon

A

Tendonopathy

30
Q

Tennis elbow

A

Lateral epicondylitis

31
Q

Ice, deep friction massage, ultrasound or heat modalities, extensor and supinator stretching, and extensor strengthening

A

Tennis elbow treatment

32
Q

Golfers elbow

A

Medial epicondylitis

33
Q

Ice, deep friction massage, ultrasound or heart modality, flexor and pronator stretching, and flexor strengthening

A

Golfer’s elbow treatment

34
Q

Supraspinatus gets caught under Acromion

A

Impingement

35
Q

Rest (tape, support with pillow, avoid above 90 degree elevation). Ice (Supraspinatus tendon). NSAIDS. Ultrasound

A

Phase 1 of rotator cuff treatment

36
Q

Isometrics, theraband, postural reeducation

A

Phase 2 of rotator cuff treatment

37
Q

PNF diagnosis. Scapular strengthening. Rotator cuff strengthening

A

Phase 3 of rotator cuff treatment