Urbanisation- Rio Flashcards Preview

Eleanor Rowe Geography > Urbanisation- Rio > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urbanisation- Rio Deck (35):
1

What is the population of Rio?

6.5 million

2

Describe the location of Rio de Janeiro

Southern Hemisphere
South America
On the Tropic of Capricorn
South East Brazil

3

What is the culture of Rio like?

Vibrant, lots of colours
Very united community
Samba dancing, festivals

4

What is the natural environment of Rio like?

Lots of hills, forests
Beaches along the coast

5

What bad things are there in Rio?

Over 70,000 people live in Slums
Bad sanitation
People live in illegal settlements
Drug gangs
Weapons
Violence

6

What is the international importance of Rio?

It held the 2016 summer Olympics
Attracts over 2 million tourists every year

7

What is the national importance of Rio?

Well known for industrial production, eg chemicals, petrol, food etc.
Cultural capitol of Brazil
Lots of modern architecture
Over 60 museums

8

What is natural increase?

When the birth rate is higher than the death rate, therefore the population grows.

9

What is Rural-urban migration?

The movement of people from the countryside to the cities.

10

What is a push factor?

A thing that encourages people to leave an area

11

What is a pull factor?

A thing that encourages people to move to an area

12

What would a push factor be to make someone want to leave a place?

Natural disasters
Conflict or war
Mechanisation of agriculture equipment- farms require fewer workers, fewer jobs

13

What would some pull factors be to make a person want to move to a place?

More jobs that are better paid
Better healthcare and education
Join other family members
Better quality of life

14

What is urbanisation?

The growth in the proportion of a country’s population living in urban areas

15

Will urbanisation be happening at a quicker rate in MEDCs or LEDCs ?

LEDCs

16

What is a mega city and give an example of one

A city with over 10 million people living in it
Eg/ New York

17

What is the common language of Rio, and why does this attract migrants?

Portuguese
It attracts people that speak this language as there are more opportunities for them

18

What are the four land zones of Rio?

North zone
Centro
West zone
South zone

19

What is the north zone of Rio like?

Main industrial port
Area of low quality housing and favelas

20

What is in the centro area of Rio?

Historic buildings
Oil and mining companies

21

What is in the west zone of Rio

Wealthy coastal suburb
Olympic stadium

22

What is in the south zone of Rio

Copacabana beaches and hotels
Wealthy flats

23

What are the four main social challenges in Rio

Little adequate healthcare
People staying in education
Little clean water supply
Little energy

24

What evidence is there to support the unavailability of adequate healthcare

In 2013, only 55% of Rio had a local family healthcare clinic

25

What evidence supports the lack of education in Rio

Only 70% of children from poor areas enrol in school

26

What evidence supports the little clean water supply in Rio

12% of Rio population don’t have access to clean running water

27

What evidence supports lack of energy

Blackouts are common due to shortage of energy

28

What are the two economic challenges in Rio

Unemployment
Crime

29

What evidence supports the unemployment in Rio

30% of rios 3.5 million workers don’t have a formal employment contract so could lose job easily

30

What evidence supports crime in Rio

Murder kidnapping and armed assault occur regularly

31

How many people in Rio love in favelas

One sixth of the population (1.5 million people)

32

What has been done to improve the quality of life in the favelas

Day centres for children
Adult education classes
Helping people get legal ownership of their properties
Replacing wooden buildings with brick buildings
Rubbish collection service

33

What were the economic impacts for Rio of the olympics

Rio earns billions from tv rights
Sponsorship deals
Extreamly expensive to run
Some large companies investing avoided paying tax

34

What were the social impacts of the olympics

400,000 tourists visited during the games
Families have been moved from their homes

35

Environmental impacts of the olympics

Concerns that the water where sailing events took place wasn’t safe