Flashcards in Urbanisation- Rio Deck (35):
What is the population of Rio?
Describe the location of Rio de Janeiro
On the Tropic of Capricorn
South East Brazil
What is the culture of Rio like?
Vibrant, lots of colours
Very united community
Samba dancing, festivals
What is the natural environment of Rio like?
Lots of hills, forests
Beaches along the coast
What bad things are there in Rio?
Over 70,000 people live in Slums
People live in illegal settlements
What is the international importance of Rio?
It held the 2016 summer Olympics
Attracts over 2 million tourists every year
What is the national importance of Rio?
Well known for industrial production, eg chemicals, petrol, food etc.
Cultural capitol of Brazil
Lots of modern architecture
Over 60 museums
What is natural increase?
When the birth rate is higher than the death rate, therefore the population grows.
What is Rural-urban migration?
The movement of people from the countryside to the cities.
What is a push factor?
A thing that encourages people to leave an area
What is a pull factor?
A thing that encourages people to move to an area
What would a push factor be to make someone want to leave a place?
Conflict or war
Mechanisation of agriculture equipment- farms require fewer workers, fewer jobs
What would some pull factors be to make a person want to move to a place?
More jobs that are better paid
Better healthcare and education
Join other family members
Better quality of life
What is urbanisation?
The growth in the proportion of a country’s population living in urban areas
Will urbanisation be happening at a quicker rate in MEDCs or LEDCs ?
What is a mega city and give an example of one
A city with over 10 million people living in it
Eg/ New York
What is the common language of Rio, and why does this attract migrants?
It attracts people that speak this language as there are more opportunities for them
What are the four land zones of Rio?
What is the north zone of Rio like?
Main industrial port
Area of low quality housing and favelas
What is in the centro area of Rio?
Oil and mining companies
What is in the west zone of Rio
Wealthy coastal suburb
What is in the south zone of Rio
Copacabana beaches and hotels
What are the four main social challenges in Rio
Little adequate healthcare
People staying in education
Little clean water supply
What evidence is there to support the unavailability of adequate healthcare
In 2013, only 55% of Rio had a local family healthcare clinic
What evidence supports the lack of education in Rio
Only 70% of children from poor areas enrol in school
What evidence supports the little clean water supply in Rio
12% of Rio population don’t have access to clean running water
What evidence supports lack of energy
Blackouts are common due to shortage of energy
What are the two economic challenges in Rio
What evidence supports the unemployment in Rio
30% of rios 3.5 million workers don’t have a formal employment contract so could lose job easily
What evidence supports crime in Rio
Murder kidnapping and armed assault occur regularly
How many people in Rio love in favelas
One sixth of the population (1.5 million people)
What has been done to improve the quality of life in the favelas
Day centres for children
Adult education classes
Helping people get legal ownership of their properties
Replacing wooden buildings with brick buildings
Rubbish collection service
What were the economic impacts for Rio of the olympics
Rio earns billions from tv rights
Extreamly expensive to run
Some large companies investing avoided paying tax
What were the social impacts of the olympics
400,000 tourists visited during the games
Families have been moved from their homes