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Flashcards in Urinary Tract Qiuzbowl ? Deck (45)
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1

Adequate calcium absorption from the G/I tract depends on

Adequate amounts of vitamin d

2

Which of the following substances release hydrogen ions into a solution?

Acids always release hydrogen ions base=OH-

3

The increase in extracurricular osmolality would cause?

Water to move out of the cells

4

What arteries supply the kidneys with blood

Renal artery

5

The proximal convoluted tubule is?

The site of glucose and amino acids reabsorption.

6

What % of filtrate becomes urine?

Less than 1%

7

The urinary bladder

Stores urine until voided

8

What tissue surrounds the glomerulus

Bowman capsule

9

Consumption of alcohol increase urine production by

Inhibiting the release of ADH

10

What blood vessels surround the nephron and reabsorb solutions and water

Peritubular capillaries Basra recta

11

When normal buffer mechanisms are overwhelmed by excessive numbers of hydrogen ions

Acidosis

12

which of the following is an example of water conservation by the body

Decrease urine volumn

13

In the glomerulus, what are the parts in blood vessels named

Fenestrae

14

Which of the following terms does not belong with the other four

Ph increases

15

Loss of a larger volumn of sweat will

Increase the osmolality of body fluids

(Losing more water)

16

Water reabsorption by the renal tubules uses

Osmosis

17

Under normal conditions most water loss from the body is through the?

Kidneys

18

Normal blood ph level

7.35-7.45

19

Tubular secretion occurs in which of the following structures

Distal convoluted tubule

20

Ph is ?

Is a measure of the hydrogen ions

21

Diabetes insipidus is the result of decreased

ADH production

22

Which of the following structures is a capillary

Glomerulus

23

The stimulus for secretion of aerial nathuretic hormone is increases

Blood pressure in atria of heart

24

The openings between the endothelial cells of the glomerular capillaries are called

Fenestrae

25

Removal of the posterior pituitary will immediately cause

An increase in urine volumn

26

Urine concentration and volume depend on water absorption in the

Distal convoluted tubule and collecting ducts

27

Which of the following is between the proximal and distal convoluted tubules

The loop of henle

28

The structural and functional units of the kidneys are called

Nephrons

29

The portion of the kidney that is composed of cone shaped renal pyramids is called the

Medulla

30

In which of the following locations is filtrate osmolality highest

Tip of the loop of henle