1. What does KUB stand for?
2. What kind of imaging and where?
3. Used to identify what?
4. Helps assess what in pediatric patients?
1. Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder (KUB)
2. Plain frontal supine radiograph of the abdomen
3. Used to identify stones
4. Helps to assess constipation in pediatric patients
1. X-ray done with intravenous contrast to look at the what? 3
2. Used for: ? 5
1. kidneys, ureters, and bladder
-Bladder and kidney infections
1. IVP: risk?
2. Patient will void when? 2
3. A series of images will be taken at various time to look at what?
4. What has replaced traditional IVP?
1. Risk: Allergic reaction
2. Patient will void before and after the study
3. A series of images will be taken at various times to look at filtration
4. CT IVP has replaced traditional IVP
Ultrasound options? 3
Renal ultrasound indications? 6
1. The size of the kidneys
2. Signs of injury to the kidneys
3. Abnormalities present at birth
4. Presence of blockage or kidney stones
5. Complications of a urinary tract infection
6. Cysts or tumors
Scrotal Ultrasound indications?
1. Looks at the size of the testicles
2. To evaluate a mass or lump (cystic vs solid)
3. Find a reason for pain
4. Look at blood flow to the testicles
5. Look for the location of undescended testis
Prostate Ultrasound: Trans-Rectal Ultrasound (TRUS)
Used for what?
1. Detect disorders within the prostate
2. Measure the prostate
3. Help diagnose the cause of a man’s infertility
4. Evaluate prostate nodules: Needle biopsies
5. Placement of needles for radiation
VOIDING CYSTOURETHROGRAM (VCUG)
1. What is it?
2. Main indication for test?
3.Other indications for test? 3
1. An x-ray study of the bladder using fluoroscopy and contrast material
2. Used to check for vesicoureteral reflux after a UTI
3. Other reasons
-Abnormal urination with very high pressure within the bladder
-Incomplete bladder emptying
RETROGRADE URETHROGRAM (RUG)
1. More common in which pts?
2. Helps diagnose what?
3. Also used for? 3
1. More commonly in male patients
2. Helps diagnose urethral pathology from trauma or urethral strictures
-Done for pre and post-op reconstruction of the urethra
-Can help identify urethral diverticulum and
What is the gold standard to detect stones?
Renal Stone CT Scan
2. Detects what?
3. Gives what information about the stone? 3
1. No contrast dye is used
2. Detects all types of stones
3. Gives the exact
-location of the stone
Drawbacks of Renal Stone CT scan? 2
2. Evaluates what? 3
3. Used for causes of what?
4. Identifies what better than CT without contrast?
1. Uses IV contrast dye
2. Evaluates the
3. Used for causes of hematuria
4. renal tumors
CT SCAN IVP
1. Radiation exposure
3. Allergy to contrast dyes
4. Renal disease
RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING: Renal Scan
1. Uses two different radiopharmaceutical?
2. Looks at what? 3
3. Used mainly by Urologist to evaluate what?
-excretion of urine from the kidney
Radionuclide Imaging: Renal Scan
1. Benefits? 2
2. Risk? 2
-Provides information unattainable by other imaging
-Helps with diagnosis and management
-Low radiation exposure
1. Used maninly for what?
2. Helps determine what?
3. Helps in planning what?
1. Used mainly for prostate cancer
2. Helps determine extent of spread of the cancer
3. Helps in planning radiotherapy for prostate cancer