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Flashcards in Use of Force Deck (33):
1

What section of the Criminal Code of Canada gives an officer the authorization to use force?

Section 25 (1) of the Criminal Code of Canada -
Every one who is required or authorized by law to do anything in the administration or enforcement of the law
(a) as a private person,

(b) as a peace officer or public officer,

(c) in aid of a peace officer or public officer, or

(d) by virtue of his office,

is, if he acts on reasonable grounds, justified in doing what he is required or authorized to do and in using as much force as is necessary for that purpose.

2

What section of the Criminal Code of Canada deals with excessive force and the responsibility of it's use?

Section 26 of the Criminal Code of Canada -
Every one who is authorized by law to use force is criminally responsible for any excess thereof according to the nature and quality of the act that constitutes the excess.

3

What section of the Criminal Code of Canada gives authorization to use force to prevent an offense?

Section 27 -
Every one is justified in using as much force as is reasonably necessary

(a) to prevent the commission of an offence

(i) for which, if it were committed, the person who committed it might be arrested without warrant, and

(ii) that would be likely to cause immediate and serious injury to the person or property of anyone; or

(b) to prevent anything being done that, on reasonable grounds, he believes would, if it were done, be an offence mentioned in paragraph (a).

4

What does Section 25(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada authorize an officer to do?

It authorizes use of force if he acts on reasonable grounds and uses only as much force as is necessary for that purpose.

5

What does Section 26 of the Criminal Code of Canada state?

It states that anyone authorized by law to use force who does so, is responsible for any excess thereof.

6

What does section 27 of the Criminal Code of Canada state?

That everyone is justified in using as much force as is reasonably necessary to stop the commission of an offense

7

What does Section 34 of the Criminal Code of Canada state?

That a person can use force to defend themselves if they believe they believe on reasonable grounds that force is being used against them or another person or that a threat of force is being made against them or another person;

(b) the act that constitutes the offence is committed for the purpose of defending or protecting themselves or the other person from that use or threat of force; and

(c) the act committed is reasonable in the circumstances.

8

What section of the Criminal Code authorizes use of force to defend one's self?

Section 34

9

What does Section 86(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada state?

Every person commits an offence who, without lawful excuse, uses, carries, handles, ships, transports or stores a firearm, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device or any ammunition or prohibited ammunition in a careless manner or without reasonable precautions for the safety of other persons.

10

What section of the Criminal Code of Canada deals with the careless use of firearms?

Section 86(1)

11

What does Section 117.07(1) grant?

It grants peace officers the power to carry firearms.

12

What section of the Criminal Code of Canada grants peace officers the power to carry firearms?

Section 117.01(1)

13

What does the acronym D.A.R.C.S. stand for?

Double-lock; Arrest; Rights; Caution; Search

14

What section of the Criminal Code of Canada defines "Peace Officer"?

Section 2(1)

15

What does section 2(1) of the Criminal Code define?

It includes the definition of a "Peace Officer"

16

What does the acronym S.O.T.S. stand for?

Situational factors; Officer perceptions; Tactical considerations; Subject behaviour

17

What are the seven tactical principles (in order)?

Cover and concealment; Threat cues; Time & distance; One plus one, Verbalization, De-escalation, Survival mentality

18

What is the sentence that encapsulates the seven tactical principles?

To COVER the THREAT in TIME, ONE must VERBALLY DE-ESCALATE to SURVIVE

19

What does the following sentence encapsulate? To COVER the THREAT in TIME, ONE must VERBALLY DE-ESCALATE to SURVIVE

The seven tactical principles.
Cover and concealment; Threat cues; Time & distance; One plus one, Verbalization, De-escalation, Survival mentality

20

Name the two stances used in CDT.

Interview stance and tactical stance.

21

What does the first "S" in the acronym SOTS stand for?

Situational factors

22

What does the "O" in the acronym SOTS stand for?

Officer perceptions

23

What does the "T" in the acronym SOTS stand for?

Tactical considerations

24

What does the last "S" in the acronym SOTS stand for?

Subject behaviour

25

What are the 5 areas of concern?

Hands; Weapons; Environment; Friends & associates; Escape routes

26

Define "Cooperative" subject behaviour based on the IMIM model.

The subject responds appropriately to the officer's presence, communication and control.

27

Define "passive resistant" subject behaviour according to the IMIM model.

The subject refuses, with little or no physical action, to cooperate with the officer's lawful direction. This can assume the form of a verbal refusal or consciously contrived physical inactivity.

28

Define "active resistant" subject behaviour base on the IMIM model.

The subject uses non-assaultive physical action to resist while not complying with an officer's lawful direction.

29

Define "assaultive" subject behaviour according to the IMIM model.

The subject attempts to apply or applies force to any person; attempts or threatens by an act or gesture, to apply force to another person, if he/she has, or causes that other person to believe upon reasonable grounds that he/she has the present ability to effect his/her purpose.

30

Define "grievous bodily harm or death" subject behaviour according to the IMIM model.

The subject exhibits actions that the officer reasonably believes are intended to, or likely to cause grievous bodily harm or death to any person.

31

What does Section 34 of the Criminal Code of Canada cover?

Section 34 is self-defence. "Everyone who is unlawfully assaulted, without having provoked the assault, is justified in repelling the force by force."

32

What does section 37 of the Criminal Code of Canada cover?

Preventing assault - "Everyone is justified in using force to defend themselves or anyone under their protection from assault"

33

What section of the Criminal Code covers preventing an assault and using force to defend themselves or anyone under their protection?

Section 37 of the Criminal Code.