UTI/PKD Flashcards Preview

ACR: Nephro/BC/Dementia > UTI/PKD > Flashcards

Flashcards in UTI/PKD Deck (9)
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1

what bacteria cause UTI?

E. Coli (80%)
Staph
Proteus
Klebsiella

2

what pts are considered to have a "complicated" UTI

pregnant
Males
Foley cath
Structural abnormalities
DM
Immunocompromised

3

S/S of Cystitis, pyelonephritis

Suprapubic Pain
dysuria
Frequency
Urgency

+ fever, chills, flank pain, CVA tenderness

4

what labs should you order for UTI, what do you see?

UA
- leukocytes
- Nitrites
- hematuria

5

Tx for UTI

Nitrofurantoin (pregnant)
TMP/SMX (bactrim): 1st line in men
Cipro/Levofloxacin (pyelonephritis)

6

S/S of PKD

HTN
hematuria
recurrent UTI
Flank/abd pn
Palpable mass

7

what are complications of PKD?

cyst infection
hemorrhagic cyst
kidney stone

8

what Imaging and labs do you order for PKD

U/S
CT
UA (leukocytes, hematuria, protein)
CBC (anemia)

9

how do you treat PDK

Control HTN (ACEI)
Abx for infxn
dialysis/transplant