Uworld - Medicine #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uworld - Medicine #2 Deck (11)
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1

Which pathology is characterized by short, annular strictures alternating with a normal bile duct ("beads on a string") visible on U/S?

Primary sclerosing cholangitis

2

What is Charcot's triad for acute cholangitis and what is Reynolds pentad?

- Fever + jaundice + RUQ pain = triad
- Confusion + hypotension = pentad

3

What is the major cause of death within the first 24 hours of subarachnoid hemorrhage?

Rebleeding

4

What is the major cause of delayed morbidity 3-10 days after a subarachnoid hemorrhage?

Vasospasm

5

Which drug can be used prophylactically to prevent vasospasm following a subarachnoid hemorrhage?

Nimodipine

6

Why may ferritin be elevated in anemia of chronic disease (microcytic anemia)?

Is an Acute Phase Reactant

7

What is the most common psychiatric complication assoc. with multiple sclerosis?

Depression

8

What is the appropriate antibiotic to use for inpatient management of acute pyelonephritis in patients who live in communities with fluororquinolone resistance or if tx fails?

Meropenem

9

What is the tx for Guillain-Barre syndrome?

IVIG or Plasma Exchange

10

Low levels of which mineral is a common cause of refractory hypokalemia due to renal potassium wasting?

Hypomagnesemia

11

Which cause of jaundice is associated with a black liver on MRI?

Rotor's = conjugated hyperbilirubinemia