Uworld Set 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uworld Set 2 Deck (31):
1

pneumothorax with no preceding event or lung disease in thin young man no tracheal deviation

primary spontaneous PTX

2

trauma or mechanical vent leading to PTX with tracheal deviation away from affected side

tension PTX

3

if the PTX in spontaneous PTX is less than what size on CXR can it be managed conservatively

2cm

4

infection of joint perioperatively involves virulent organisms before what time period

3 months

5

septic joint white counts are usually above

50,000

6

which portion of the bladder is covered with peritoneum and if injured in acute abdominal injury can lead to diffuse abdominal peritonitis

dome of the bladder

7

hemangioblastoma renal cell cancer pheos and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

von hippel lindau

8

vafer au lait spots neurofibromas axillary freckling intracranial tumors and skeletal anomalies

NF1

9

dysmenorrhea dyspareunia chronic pelvic pain that worsens before the onset of mensesd

endometriosis

10

definitive treatment for endometriosis in women who have completed childbearing

hysterectomy and oophorectomy

11

two medications used for endometriosis

NSAIDs and OCTs

12

two main causes of central secondary amennorhea

pituitary adenoma
hypothalamic dysfunction

13

two main causes of peripheral secondary amennorhea

intrauterine adhesions
PCOS

14

chronic hypertension can be diagnosed before what gestational age in new presenting patient

20weeks

15

during normal pregnancy what happens to the blood pressure during the first few weeks of pregnancy

lowers by 5-10

16

four main risks to fetus with hypertension in pregnancy

fetal growth restriction
perinatal mortality
preterm delivery
oligohydramnios

17

what maternal disease predisposes the fetus to heart defects

diabetes mellitus

18

disease is mother that increases risk for fetal macrosomia

diabetes

19

what increases the risk for placenta accreta

prior C section

20

two factors that increase risk of PPROM

infection
prior PPROM

21

maneuver for correcting breech presentation after 37 weeks

external cephalic version

22

fetal weight cut off for vaginal delivery

8.8 pounds

23

use for internal podalic version

correct second twin from transverse/oblique presentation to a breech presentation

24

nystagmus hypotonia dysarthria loss of coordination and inability to perform rapid alternating movements and falling to one side while walking indicates injury to what part of the brain

cerebellum

25

waddling gait seen in what condition

muscular dystrophy

26

weakness of what muscles leads to trendelenburg gait

gluteus medius and minimus

27

iron deficiency is often caused by overinjestion of what during childhood

cows milk

28

elevated hematocrit in a patient who works around exhaust

carboxyhemoglobinemia

29

what is the test that will allow for the diagnosis of carboxyhemoglobinemia to be made

ABG

30

which measurement on spirometry is especially important when assessing

FVC

31

cutoff value for a healthy individual that has induration on TB test for no further eval

<15mm