Varicose veins Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Varicose veins Deck (7)
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1
Q

What are varicose veins defined as ?

A

Superficial veins measuring more than3mm in diameter

2
Q

What are the changes seen in chronic venous insufficiency

A

Brown discolouration to legs
Venous eczema due to inflammation from pooled blood
Lipodermatosclerosis - narrow and hard lower legs

3
Q

What are risk factors for varicose veins

A

Increasing age
Family history
Female
Pregnancy
Obesity
Prolonged standing (e.g., occupations involving standing for long periods)
Deep vein thrombosis (causing damage to the valves)

4
Q

What are simple measures for varicose veins?

A

Weight loss
Physical activity
keep legs elevated
Compression stockings

5
Q

What are surgical options?

A

Endothermal ablation
Sclerotherapy
Stripping - veins ligated and pulled out of the leg

6
Q

What are the complications of varicose veins

A

Prolonged and heavy bleeding after trauma
Superficial thrombophlebitis
DVT
Chronic venous insufficiency

7
Q
A